Rachel Chapman, MD

Rachel Chapman, MD

Associate Division Chief, Neonatology
Medical Director, Newborn Infant Critical Care Unit
Director, Neonatal ECMO Program
Attending Neonatologist
Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine of USC

Dr. Chapman came to CHLA/USC Keck School of Medicine in 2014 and is currently the Medical Director for the Newborn and Critical Care Unit and the Associate Chief for the Division of Neonatology at CHLA. Dr. Chapman is currently involved in clinical and epidemiological research related to ECMO support and persistent pulmonary hypertension.

Dr. Chapman received a B.A. in Mathematics and her M.D. at Boston University and completed her residency in Pediatrics and Fellowship in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine at the University of Michigan Health System, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital.

Dr. Chapman began her academic career at Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital and School of Medicine, where she served as the Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) Director and as the Associate Program Director for the Yale Children's Hospital Residency Program. She was recruited back to the University of Michigan in 2009 to lead the Fellowship Program in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine and served as the Neonatal ECMO Program Director prior to joining CHLA.

Clinical Interests

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)
Surgical Neonate
Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure


Medical School

Boston University School of Medicine


University of Michigan Health System, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital


University of Michigan Health System, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital


University of Michigan Health System, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital



American Board of Pediatrics Certified in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine

Professional Memberships

American Academy of Pediatrics, Section of Perinatal Pediatrics,  Extracorporeal Life Support Organization, Society of Pediatric Research


Norman J. Siegel Award, Yale School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics
Top Teacher of Pediatric House Officers, University of Michigan Department of Pediatrics
Top Doctors Pasadena 2017 and 2019, Los Angeles 2018 and 1019


Chapman RL, Bizzarro MJ, Peterec SM, Mercurio MR. Patient selection for neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: Beyond severity of illness.  J Perinatol 2009; 29:606-11.

Barbaro R, Bartlett R, Annich G, Chapman RL, Davis M. Development and testing of an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation severity of illness score for neonates. Journal of Pediatrics 2016;173:56-61.

Engle WA, West KW, Hocutt GA, Pallotto EK, Haney B, Keith RJ, Stewart DL, Knodel E, Suttner D, Chapman RL, Bartlett R, Thomas A, Schwerin B, Stork E, Crowley M, Gebregziabher N, Fadel W. Adult outcomes following neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2016;18:73-79.

Reitman AJ, Chapman R, Stein JE, Paquette L, Panigrahy A, Nelson MD, Friedlich P, Wisnowski JL, Bluml S. The Impact of Venoarterial and Venovenous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation on Cerebral Metabolism in the Newborn Brain. PLoS One. 2016;e0168578.

Song AY, Chen HA, Chapman R, Govindarajan A, Upperman JS, Burke RV, Stein J, Friedlich PS, Lakshmanan A. Utilization patterns of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in neonates in the United States 1997-2012. J Pediatr Surg 2017;52:1681-1687.


Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
Medical Education