Headshot of a smiling young woman with medium skin tone and dark hair wearing a blue top against a blurred outdoor background

Sheema Gaffar, MD, MS

Attending Neonatologist
Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics (Clinician Educator), Keck School of Medicine of USC

Dr. Sheema Gaffar is an Attending Neonatologist in the Division of Neonatology at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles and an Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics at the Keck School of Medicine of USC.

Dr. Gaffar earned her medical degree from Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk, Virginia. She completed pediatric internship and residency at Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters in Norfolk, Virginia and neonatal-perinatal medicine fellowship at the University of Southern California/LA County USC Medical Center. Prior to medical school, she also completed a master’s in global medicine at USC Keck School of Medicine.

Clinical Interests

Congenital heart disease, neonatal surgical conditions


Medical School

Eastern Virginia Medical School


Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters, Pediatrics Internship


Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters, Pediatrics Residency


LA General Medical Center, Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine



American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatrics
International Board-Certified Lactation Consultant, International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners


American Academy of Pediatrics

Medical Awards

Pediatric Academic Society Best Simulation-Based Medical Education Presentation
Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters Department of Quality Improvement and Safety, Super Safety Hero Award
Eastern Virginia Medical School Abraham Jacobi Award recognizing achievement in Pediatrics



Obermeyer RJ, Gaffar S, Kelly RE Jr, Kuhn MA, Frantz FW, McGuire MM, Paulson JF, Kelly CS. Selective versus routine patch metal allergy testing to select bar material for the Nuss procedure in 932 patients over 10 years. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 53(2):260-264, 2018

Obermeyer RJ, Cohen NS, Gaffar S, Kelly RE Jr, Kuhn MA, Frantz FW, McGuire MM, Paulson JF. Multivariate analysis of risk factors for Nuss bar infections: A single center study. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 53(6):1226-1229, 2018

Gaffar S, Lee WW, Harrington JW. Bronchiectasis. Pediatrics in Review. 42(2):103-105, 2021

Gaffar S, Cayabyab R, Ramanathan R. Is treatment with oral risdiplam effective and well-tolerated for infants with spinal muscular atrophy type 1? Journal of Perinatology. 42(5):689-691, 2022

Gaffar S, Siassi B, Cayabyab R, Ebrahimi M, Barton L, Uzunyan M, Ramanathan R. Outcomes of patent foramen ovale greater than 3 mm at birth in extremely low birthweight infants. BMC Pediatrics. 23(1):293, 2023


Research Summary

Quality improvement in the NICU, post-surgical outcomes