Halloween Safety Tips by Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Halloween is a fun and creative time for both children and parents, but is also a night for families to pay extra attention to safety. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the number of pedestrian-related fatalities among children increases significantly on Halloween. On this specific night, children ages 5 to 14 are 4½ times more likely to be killed by a motor vehicle than any other night of the year.
To make sure you have a fun and safe evening, Helen Arbogast from our Injury Prevention Program offers parents handy tips to keep those scary injuries away.
Disguise Yourself Safely
- Decorate costumes and trick-or-treat bags with reflective tape.
- Costumes should be flame-retardant and fit properly. Avoid oversized shoes, high heels and long skirts or pants that could cause a child to fall.
- Have kids carry glow sticks or flashlights to help them see and be seen by motorists.
- Instead of masks, choose face paint or makeup. Masks can obstruct a child’s vision, increasing the risk for injury.
- Do not wear decorative (non-prescription) contact lenses as they may be made from inferior plastic or contain toxic dyes, which can lead to an eye infection.
- Avoid costumes with sharp objects such as wands or swords, which could cause eye injuries. If a sword or wand must be carried, use a belt carrier so the accessory can stay safely nestled.
Keep Scary Sweets Away
- Have children eat a healthy meal before trick-or-treating.
- Encourage friends and family to pass out healthier alternatives to candy, such as fruit snacks or even coloring books, pens or pencils.
- Parents should check treats at home before letting their child consume them.
- Watch for signs of tampering, such as small pinholes in wrappers and torn or loose packages.
- Parents of young children should get rid of choking hazards such as gum, peanuts, hard candies or small toys. If makeup or toys are swallowed, call Poison Control at 1-800-222-1222.
Trick-or-Treat Rules of the Road
- Parents should always accompany their children while trick-or-treating.
- Children should never go into a stranger’s house under any circumstances.
- Plan a path that is well-lit and always use the sidewalk.
- Stay in a group and communicate to children about where they will be going.
- Cross roads at established crosswalks. Never cross between parked cars or out of driveways. Drivers may have trouble seeing trick-or-treaters. If one car stops, that doesn’t mean other cars will.
- Obey all traffic and pedestrian rules.
- Always walk. Never run when crossing a street.
Un-Haunt Your House
- Keep homes safe for visiting trick-or-treaters by removing anything a child could trip over, such as garden hoses, toys, bikes and lawn decorations.
- Check outdoor lights and replace burned-out bulbs.
- Remove wet leaves from sidewalks and steps.
Don’t Be a Hair-Raising Motorist
- Being alert while driving on Halloween is highly important. Trick-or-treaters who are excited may move in unpredictable ways.
- Anticipate heavy pedestrian traffic and turn on headlights earlier in the day.
- Slow down and take the extra time to look for kids at intersections, and on medians and curbs.
- Be cautious while entering and exiting driveways and alleys.
- Eliminate any distractions inside your car to concentrate on the road and your surroundings.
- Popular trick-or-treating hours are 5:30 to 9:30 p.m., so be particularly alert for pedestrians during those hours.