Research Publications

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Alexandre Arkader, MD

Peer Review

1. Arkader, A; Hosalkar, HS; Dormans, JP.
Scoliosis correction in a Rigid Spine Syndrome.
Spine 2005 Oct 15;30(20):E623-8.

2. Arnold SR; Elias D; Buckingham SC; Thomas ED; Novais E; Arkader A; Howard C.
Changing Patterns of Acute Hematogenous Osteomyelitis and Septic Arthritis:
Emergence of Community-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 Nov-Dec;26(6):703-8.

3. Arkader, A; Friedman, J; Moroz, LA; Dormans, JP.
Acetabular Dysplasia With Hip Subluxation In Trevor’s Disease Of The
Hip: Natural History And A Technique Of Hip Reconstruction
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007 Apr;457:247-52.

4. Frances, JM; Morris, CD; Arkader, A; Nikolic, ZG; Healey, JH.
What is Quality of Life in Children with Bone Sarcoma?
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007 Jun;459:34-9.

5. Arkader, A; Viola, DC; Morris, CD; Boland, PJ; Healey, JH.
A co-axial extendible device effectively achieves limb-length equality in children treated
for distal femoral osteogenic sarcoma.
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007 Jun;459:60-5.

6. Arkader, A; Dormans, JP; Gaugler, R; Davidson, R.
Spontaneous Regression of Solitary Osteochondroma: Should we reconsider our
approach?
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007 Jul;460:253-257.

7. Behbahani, A; Arkader, A; Golden, JA; Dormans, JP.
Painless Unilateral Calf Mass in a 14-Year-Old Girl.
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007 July; 460:263-268.

8. Arkader A; Warner WC Jr; Horn BD; Shaw RN; Wells L.
Predicting the outcome of physeal fractures of the distal femur.
J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Sep;27(6):703-8.

9. Arkader A; Friedman JE; Warner WC Jr; Wells L.
Complete Distal Femoral Metaphyseal Fractures: A Harbinger of Child Abuse Before
Walking Age.
J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 October/November;27(7):751-753.

10. Arkader, A; Huvos, AG; Healey, JH.
Multifocal Synchronous Low-Grade Intramedullary and Juxtacortical Osteogenic
Sarcoma.
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007 Dec;465:265-270.2

11. Arkader, A; Hosalkar, HS; Drummond, DS; Dormans, JP.
Analyses of Halo Orthosis Application in Children Less than Three Years Old.
J Child Orthop. 2007 Dec 1-6:337–344

12. Arkader, A; Morris, CD.
Inferior Vena Cava Extension of Pelvic Osteogenic Sarcoma
Cancer Imaging 2008 Jan 23;8:6-7.

13. Arkader, A; Morris, CD.
Lymphatic spread of pagetic osteogenic sarcoma detected by bone scan.
Cancer Imaging. 2008 Jun 25; 8:131-4.

14. Arkader A; Dormans, JP.
Osteoblastoma in the Skeletally Immature.
J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 July/August; 28(5):555-560.

15. Arkader, A; Sankar, WN; Amorim, RM.
Conservative vs. Surgical treatment of Late-Onset Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: A
Radiographic Comparison at Skeletal Maturity
J Child Orthop (on line first; Dec 2008)

Articles in Press

1. Gholve, PA; Arkader, A; Wells, L.
Unusual Pattern of Femoral Neck Fracture Caused by Child Abuse.
Orthopedics (in press).

2. Arkader, A; Glotzbecker, M; Hosalkar, HH; Dormans, JP.
Primary Musculoskeletal Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis in Children – An Analysis Over a 3-
decade Period
J Pediatr Orthop (in press)

3. Arkader, A; Davidson, RS.
Cross Hip X-ray View for Proximal Femoral Osteotomies.
Am J Orthop (in press)

4. Arkader, A; Dormans, JP.
Benign Bone Tumors of the Upper Extremities in Children.
J Pediatr Orthop (in press)

Articles in Preparation

1. Arkader, A; Warner, WC; Tolo, V.; Sponseller, P; Skaggs, D.
Multicenter Study on “Chance fractures” in children – conservative vs. operative
treatment.

2. Arkader, A; Wong, K
Can Radiation Therapy Induce Spontaneous Hip Dislocation?3

Peer Review – Not indexed

1. Arkader, A; Aurich, E.
Preiser's Disease - Review and Case Report.
R.O.T. News (Revista de Ortopedia e Traumatologia), 1999.

2. Arkader, A; De Palma, I.
Charcot Arthropathy with Knee Dislocation.
R.O.T. News (Revista de Ortopedia e Traumatologia), 2000.

3. Arkader, A; Esteves, C.
Thesis for Brazilian Orthopaedics and Traumatology Society Certification: "Relationship
between Sciatic Nerve and Piriformis Muscle: Anatomical variances", 2001.

4. Gaugler, RL; Wells, L; Ganley, T; Arkader, A; Tuason, DA.
Rotator Cuff Injuries in Adolescent Athletes: A Preventable Problem
University of Pennsylvania Orthopaedic Journal, 2005-06 (18) 21-4.

Book Chapters

1. Arkader, A; Dormans, JP.
Benign Primary Tumors of the Spine.
In: Surgery of the Pediatric Spine (editors: Kim, Betz, Huhn, Newton); 1st
Ed., chapter 24,
p.306-19; Thieme, New York, 2008.

2. Arkader, A; Dormans, JP.
Malignant and Metastatic Tumors of the Spine.7
In: Surgery of the Pediatric Spine (editors: Kim, Betz, Huhn, Newton); 1st
Ed., chapter 25,
p.320-33; Thieme, New York, 2008.

3. Arkader, A; Dormans, JP.
Treatment of benign bone cysts.
In: Operative Techniques in Orthopedic Surgery (section editor: Flynn, JM), in press.

4. Arkader, A; Dormans, JP.
Tumors.
In: The Child’s Foot and Ankle, 2nd edition (editors: McCarthy, JJ; Drennan, JC; and
Guille, JT); Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, in press.

5. Arkader, A; Dormans, JP.
Pathologic Fractures Associated with Tumors and Unique Conditions of the
Musculoskeletal System
In: Rockwood and Wilkins’ Fractures in Children, 6th
edition (editors: Skaggs, D; Flynn,
JM), in press.

Internet Peer Review

1. Gholve, PA; Arkader, A; Hosalkar, HS; Spiegel, DA.
A Fourteen-Year-Old Boy with Shoulder Pain and Respiratory Symptoms.
J Bone Joint Surg quiz online, October, 2005.
2. Arkader, A; Friedman, J; Fabregas, JA; Dormans, JP.
Abdominal pain in an 8-year-old.
J Bone Joint Surg quiz online, October, 2006.

Paul D Choi, MD

Choi PD, Skaggs DL. Polytrauma. Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery Secrets. 2006.
Lattanza LL, Choi PD. Intra-articular injuries of the metacarpophalangeal and carpometacarpal joints. In:
Berger RA, Weiss APC, eds. Hand Surgery. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004: 175-194.
Choi, P, Ogilvie C, Thompson Z, Miclau T, Helms J. Cellular and molecular characterization of murine
non-unions. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 2004; 22: 1100-1107.Choi PD, Novak CB, Mackinnon SE, Kline DG. Quality of life and functional outcome following brachial
plexus injury. Journal of Hand Surgery [Am] 1997; 22: 605-612.
Choi PD, Nath R, Mackinnon SE. Iatrogenic injury to the ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves in the
groin: a case report, diagnosis, and management. Annals of Plastic Surgery 1996; 37: 60-65.

Robert Kay, MD

Peer Review

1. Kay RM, Kabo JM, Seeger LL, Eckardt JJ: Hydroxyapatite-Coated Distal Femoral
Replacements: Preliminary Results. Clin Orthop 302:92-100, 1994.

2. Kay RM, Eckardt JJ, Seeger LL, Mirra JM, Hak DJ: Pulmonary Metastasis of Benign
Giant Tumor of Bone: Six Histologically-Confirmed Cases, Including One of
Spontaneous Regression. Clin Orthop 302:219-230, 1994.

3. Kay RM, Eckardt JJ: Total Elbow Allograft for Twice-Failed Total Elbow
Arthroplasty: A Case Report. Clin Orthop 303:135-139, 1994.

4. Kay RM, Eckardt JJ, Goldstein LL, Busuttil RW: Metastatic Hepatocellular
Carcinoma to Bone in a Liver Transplant Patient: A Case Report. Clin Orthop
303:237-241, 1994.

5. Johnson EE, Kay RM, Dorey FJ: Heterotopic Ossification Prophylaxis Following
Operative Treatment of Acetabular Fracture: Clin Orthop 305:88-95, 1994.

6. Kay RM, Lieberman JR, Dorey FJ, Seeger LL: Inter- and Intra-observer Variation in
Staging Patients with Proven Avascular Necrosis of the Hip. Clin Orthop 307:124-129,
1994.

7. Kay RM, Dorey FJ, Johnston-Jones K, Finerman GAM, Cracchiolo AIII, Amstutz
HC: Long-Term Durability of Cemented Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty. J
Arthroplasty 10(Supplement): S29-S38, 1995.

8. Kay RM, Eckardt JJ, Mirra JM: Multifocal PVNS in a Child: A Case Report. Clin
Orthop 322:194-197, 1996.

9. Kay RM, Eckardt JJ, Mirra JM: Osteosarcoma and Ewing's Sarcoma in a
Retinoblastoma Patient. Clin Orthop 323:284-287, 1996.

10. Kay RM, Bragonier BR, Kuschner SH: Late Presentation of a Monteggia Fracture: A
Case Report. Orthopedics 19(10):895-897, 1996.

11. Lieberman JR, Kay RM, Hamlet WP, Park S-H, Kabo JM: Wear of the Polyethylene
Liner-Metallic Shell Interface in Modular Acetabular Components: An In Vitro
Analysis. J Arthroplasty 11:602-608, 1996.

12. Kay RM, Watts HG, Dorey FJ: Variability in the Assessment of Acetabular Index. J
Pediatr Orthop 17(2):170-173, 1997.13. Hammond WA, Kay RM, Skaggs DL: Supracondylar Humerus Fractures in Children.
AORN J 68(2):186-200, 1998.

14. Skaggs DL, Hale JM, Buggay SD, Kay RM: Use of a Hybrid External Fixator for a
Severely Comminuted, Juxta-Articular of the Distal Humerus. J Orthop Trauma
12(6):439-442, 1998.

15. Kay RM, Skaggs DL: The Pediatric Monteggia Fracture. Am J Orthop 27(9):606-
609, 1998.

16. Skaggs DL, Kaminsky C, Tolo VT, Kay RM, Reynolds RAK: Variability in
Measurement of Acetabular Index in Normal and Dysplastic Hips, Before and After
Reduction. J Pediatr Orthop 18:799-801,1998.

17. Kay RM, Morrissy RT, Kehl DK: Late Metachronous Involvement of the
Contralateral Hip in Legg-Calve Perthes Disease. J Pediatr Orthop 18:807-810 , 1998.

18. Rethlefsen S, Tolo VT, Reynolds RAK, Kay RM: The Outcome of Hamstring
Lengthening and Distal Rectus Femoris Transfer Surgery. J Pediatr Orthop B 8:75-79,
1999.

19. Kay RM, Kuschner SH: Bilateral Proximal Radial and Scaphoid Fractures in a Child.
J Hand Surg (Br) 24:255-257, 1999.

20. Rethlefsen S, Kay R, Dennis S, Forstein M, Tolo VT: The Effects of Fixed and
Articulated Ankle Foot Orthoses on Gait Patterns in Subjects with Cerebral Palsy. J
Pediatr Orthop 19:470-474, 1999.

21. Jackson KR, Daluiski A, Kay RM: Publication of Abstracts Submitted to the Annual
Meeting of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America. J Pediatr Orthop
20:2-6, 2000.

22. Skaggs DL, Kautz SM, Kay RM, Tolo VT: Effect of Delay of Surgical Treatment on
Rate of Infection in Open Fractures in Children. J Pediatr Orthop 20:19-22, 2000.

23. Skaggs DL, Moon CN, Kay RM, Peterson HA: Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica
of the Acetabulum. J Bone Jt Surg 82A(3):409-414, 2000.

24. Kay RM, Dennis S, Rethlefsen S, Reynolds RAK, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT: The Effect
of Preoperative Gait Analysis on Orthopedic Decision Making. Clin Orthop 372:217-
222, 2000.

25. Codsi MJ, Kay R, Masso R, Skaggs DL: Unilateral Absence of the Clavicle with
Rapidly Progressive Scoliosis in an 8 Year-Old Girl. Am J Orthop 29:383-386, 2000.

26. Kay RM, Dennis S, Rethlefsen S, Skaggs DL: Impact of Postoperative Gait Analysis on Orthopedic Care.
Clin Orthop 374:259-264, 2000.

27. Skaggs DL, Kay RM, Dubois G, Hale JM, Tolo VT: A Simplified Valgus Osteotomy
of the Proximal Femur in Children. J Pediatr Ortho B 9:114-8, 2000.

28. Skaggs DL, Samuelson MA, Hale JM, Kay RM, Tolo VT: Complications of
Posterior Iliac Crest Bone Grafting for Spine Surgery in Children. Spine
25(18):2400-2, 2000.

29. Skaggs DL. Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM, Dennis SW, Reynolds RAK, Tolo VT:
Variability In Gait Analysis Interpretation. J Pediatr Orthop 20:759-764, 2000.

30. Kay RM, Jaki KA, Skaggs DL: The Effect of Femoral Rotation on the Projected
Femoral Neck-Shaft Angle. J Pediatr Orthop 20:736-739, 2000.

31. Tang CW, Skaggs DL, Kay RM: Elbow Aspiration and Arthrogram: An Alternative
Method. Am J Orthop 30: 256, 2001.

32. Skaggs DL, Hale JM, Bassett J, Kaminsky C, Kay RM, Tolo VT: Operative
Treatment of Supracondylar Fractures of the Humerus in Children. J Bone Jt Surg
[Am] 83:735-740, 2001.

33. Skaggs DL, Clemens SM, Vitale MG, Femino JD, Kay RM: Access to Orthopedic
Care for Children with Medicaid Versus Private Insurance in California. Pediatrics
107:1405-1408, 2001.

34. Kay RM, Matthys GA: Pediatric Ankle Fractures: Evaluation and Treatment. J Am
Acad Orthop Surg 9:268-278, 2001.

35. Kay RM, Tang CW: Pediatric Foot Fractures: Evaluation and Treatment. J Am Acad
Orthop Surg 9:308-319, 2001.

36. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Dennis SW, Skaggs DL: Prediction of Post-Operative Gait
Velocity in Cerebral Palsy. J Pediatr Orthop B 10:275-278, 2001.

37. Kay RM, Skaggs DL: Bilateral Hip Dislocations in a Father and Son with Ehlers-
Danlos Syndrome. Orthopedics 24:1165-1166, 2001.

38. Tang CW, Kay RM, Skaggs DL: Growth Arrest of the Distal Radius following a
Metaphyseal Fracture: Case Report and Review of the Literature. J Pediatr Orthop B
11:89-92, 2002.

39. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Skaggs DL, Leet A: Outcome of Medial Versus Combined
Medial and Lateral Hamstring Lengthening Surgery in Cerebral Palsy. J Pediatr
Orthop 22:169-172, 2002.

40. Skaggs DL, Roy AK, Vitale MG, Pfiefer C, Baird G, Femino D, Kay RM: Quality
of Evaluation and Management of Children Requiring Timely Orthopaedic Surgery
Before Admission to a Tertiary Pediatric Facility. J Pediatr Orthop 22:265-267,
2002.

41. Flynn JM, Skaggs D, Sponseller PD, Ganley TJ, Kay RM, Leitch KK: The Surgical
Management of Pediatric Fractures of the Lower Extremity. J Bone Joint Surg 84-
A:2288-2300, 2002.

42. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Hale JM, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT: Comparison of Proximal
and Distal Rotational Femoral Osteotomy in Children with Cerebral Palsy. J Pediatr
Orthop 23:150-154, 2003.

43. Early SD, Kay RM, Maguire MF, Skaggs DL: Delayed Neurologic Injury Due to
Bone Graft Migration Into the Spinal Canal Following Scoliosis Surgery. Am J
Orthop26:515-516, 2003.

44. Early SD, Kay RM, Tolo VT: Childhood Discitis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 11:413-
420, 2003.

45. Kay RM, Khounganian GS, Stevanovic M: Late Rupture of the Extensor Pollicis
Longus in a Child. J Orthop Trauma 18:53-56, 2004.

46. Kay RM, Rethlefsen S, Ryan J, Wren TAL: Outcome of Gastrocnemius Recession
and Tendo-Achilles Lengthening in Ambulatory Children with Cerebral Palsy. J
Pediatr Orthop B 13:92-98, 2004.

47. Kay RM, Rethlefsen S, Kelly J, Wren TAL: Predictive Value of the Duncan-Ely
Test in Distal Rectus Femoris Transfer. J Pediatr Orthop 24:59-62, 2004.

48. Skaggs DL, Cluck MW, Mostafi A, Flynn JM, Kay RM: Lateral-Entry Pin Fixation
in the Management of Supracondylar Fractures in Children. J Bone Joint Surg [Am]
86:702-707, 2004.

49. Gupta N, Kay RM, Leitch K, Femino JD, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL: Effect of Surgical
Delay on Perioperative Complications and the Need for Open Reduction in
Supracondylar Humerus Fractures in Children. J Pediatr Orthop 24:245-248, 2004.

50. Kay RM, Rethlefsen S, Reed M, Do KP, Skaggs DL, Wren TAL: Changes in Pelvic
Rotation after Soft Tissue and Bony Surgery in Ambulatory Children with Cerebral
Palsy. J Pediatr Orthop 24:278-282, 2004.51. Wren TAL, Do KP, Kay RM: Gastrocnemius and Soleus Lengths in Cerebral Palsy

51. Equinus Gait — Differences Between Children With and Without Static Contracture
and Effects of Gastrocnemius Recession. J Biomech 37:1321-1327.

52. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SR, Wren TAL, Furn-Buneo A, Skaggs DL: Botulinum Toxin
as an Adjunct to Serial Casting Treatment in Children with Cerebral Palsy. J Bone
Joint Surg [Am] 86:2377-2384, 2004.

53. Wren TAL, Rethlefsen S , Kay RM: Prevalence of Specific Gait Abnormalities in
Children with Cerebral Palsy: Influence of Cerebral Palsy Subtype, Age, and
Previous Surgery. J Pediatr Orthop 25:79-83, 2005.

54. Ryan DD, Rethlefsen SA, Skaggs DL, Kay RM: Results of tibial rotational
osteotomy in children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop 25:84-88, 2005.

55. Skaggs DL, Friend L, Alman B, Chambers HG, Schmitz M, Leake B, Kay RM, Flynn
JM: The Effect of Surgical Delay on Infection in 554 Open Fractures in Children. J
Bone Joint Surg [Am] 87:8-12, 2005.

56. Wren TAL, Woolf K, Kay, RM: How closely do surgeons follow gait analysis
recommendations and why? J Ped Orthop B 14:202-205, 2005.

57. Wren TAL, Rethlefsen SA, Healy BS, Do KP, Dennis SW, Kay RM: Reliability and
validity of visual assessments of gait using a modified physician rating scale for
crouch and foot contact. J Pediatr Orthop25:646-650, 2005.

58. Stewart DG, Kay RM, Skaggs DL: Open Fractures in Children: Principles of
Evaluation and Management. J Bone Joint Surg[Am] 87:2784-2798, 2005.

59. Kay RM, Skaggs DL: Pediatric Polytrauma Management. J Pediatr Orthop26:168-
277, 2006.

60. Leitch KK, Kay RM, Femino D, Tolo VT, Storer SK, Skaggs DL: Multidirectional
Unstable Supracondylar Humerus Fractures in Children. J Bone Joint Surg
[Am]88:980-985, 2006.

61. Skaggs DL, Early SD, D’Ambra P, Tolo VT, Kay RM: Back Pain and Backpacks in
School Children. J Pediatr Orthop26:358-363, 2006.

62. Skaggs DL, Lehman CL, Rice C, Killelea BK, Bauer RM, Kay RM, Vitale MG:
Access to Orthopaedic Care for Children with Medicaid versus Private Insurance:
Results of a National Survey. J Pediatr Orthop26:400-204, 2006.

63. Ho C, Skaggs DL, Tang CW, Kay RM: Use of Flexible Intramedullary Nails in
Pediatric Femur Fractures. J Pediatr Ortho 26: 497-504, 2006.

64. Michlitsch MG, Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM: The Contributions of Anterior and
Posterior Tibials Dysfunction to Varus Foot Deformity in Patients with Cerebral
Palsy: Anterior or Posterior Tibialis? J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 88:1764-1768, 2006.

65. Rethlefsen SA, Healy BS, Wren TAL, Skaggs DL, Kay RM. Causes of In-toeing
Gait in Children with Cerebral Palsy. J Bone Joint Surg [Am]88:2175-2180, 2006.

66. Ramachandran M, Kay RM, Skaggs DL: Treatment of Hip Dislocation in Kabuki
Syndrome: A Report of Three Hips in Two Patients. J Pediatr Orthop27:37-40,
2007.

67. Skaggs DL, Oda JE, Lerman L, McGoldrick E, Rice C, Weiss J, Kay RM: Insurance
Status and Delay in Orthotic Treatment in Children. J Pediatr Orthop 27:94-97,
2007.

68. Wren TAL, Hara R, Sheng M, Otsuka NY, Bowen RE, Scaduto AA, Kay RM, Chan
LS. Agreement among three instruments for measuring functional health status and
quality of life in pediatric orthopaedics. J Pediatr Orthop 27:233-240, 2007.

69. Ogawa BK, Kay RM, Choi PD, Stevanovic MV: Complete division of the radial
nerve associated with a closed fracture of the humeral shaft in a child. J Bone Joint
Surg [Br]89:821-824, 2007.

70. Choi PD, Rose RK, Kay RM, Skaggs DL: Compartment syndrome of the thigh
associated with a femur fracture in an infant. J Orthop Trauma21:587-590, 2007.

71. Wren TA, Do DP, Hara R, Dorey FJ, Kay RM, Otsuka NY: Gillette gait index as a
gait analysis summary measure: comparison with qualitiative visual assessments of
overall gait. J Pediatr Orthop 27:765-768, 2007.

72. Albrektson J, Kay RM, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL: Abduction pillow immobilization
following hip surgery: a welcome alternative for selective patients. J Child
Orthop1:299-305, 2007.

73. Skaggs DL, Sankar WN, Albrektson J, Vaishnav S, Choi PD, Kay RM: How safe is
the operative treatment of Gartland type 2 supracondylar humerus fractures in
children? J Pediatr Orthop 28:139-141, 2008.

74. Wren TAL, Sheng M, Bowen RE, Scaduto AA, Kay RM, Otsuka NY, Hara R, Chan
LS. Concurrent and discriminant validity of spanish language instruments for
measuring functional health status. J Peditr Orthop 28:199-212, 2008.

75. Sankar WN, Chen J, Kay RM, Skaggs DL: Incidence of occult fracture in children
with ankle injuries. J Pediatr Orthop28:500-501, 2008.

Non Peer Review

1. Kay RM, Eckardt JJ: Don't Overlook Benign Tumors of the Foot. J Musculoskeletal
Med 11(4):69-80, 1994.

2. Kay RM, Eckardt JJ: Malignant Tumors of the Foot: Rare But Deadly. J
Musculoskeletal Med 11(6):48-54, 1994.

3. Kay RM, Rethlefsen, S, Dennis S: Gait: Postoperative Assessment Directs Ongoing
Care. Biomechanics (Supplement):17-19, 2000.

Letters
1. Skaggs DL, Tolo VT, Kay RM: Fracture stability after pinning of displaced
supracondylar humerus fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop 22:697, 2002.

2. Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM: Kinetic and kinematic evaluation of the ankle joint before
and after tendo Achilles lengthening in patients with spastic diplegia. J Pediatr
Orthop 28:392, 2008.

Abstracts
1. Kay RM, Kabo JM, Eckardt JJ: Hydroxyapatite-Coated Distal Femoral
Replacements. Orthopaedic Transactions 18(3):942, 1994.

2. Lieberman JR, Kay RM, Hamlet WP, Kabo JM: Deformation Patterns and Frictional
Torque in Modular Acetabular Liners. Orthopaedic Transactions 18(4):1011, 1994-
1995.

3. Kay RM, Lieberman JR, Dorey FJ, Seeger LL: Evaluation of AVN of the Hip: Are
Plain Radiographs Adequate. Orthopaedic Transactions 18(4):1047, 1994-1995.

4. Kay RM, Watts HG, Dorey FJ: Inter- and Intraobserver Variability in
theRadiographic Measurement of Acetabular Index in DDH. Orthopaedic
Transactions 20(1):37, 1996.

5. Dennis SW, Reynolds RAK, Kay RM, Tolo VT: Are Gait Analysis Studies Medically
Necessary? Gait & Posture 7(2):160, 1998.

6. Skaggs DL, Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM, Dennis SW, Reynolds RAK, Tolo VT:
Reliability of the Interpretation of Gait Analysis Data. Gait & Posture 13(3): 245,
2001.

7. Rethlefsen SA, Dennis S, Wright JF, Kay RM: Timing of Forearm, Wrist and Finger
Muscles During Repetitive Motions and Functional Activities in Non-Disabled
Subjects. Gait & Posture 13(3): 259-260, 2001.

8. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Skaggs DL, Leet A: Outcome of Medial Versus Combined
Medial and Lateral Hamstring Lengthening Surgery in Cerebral Palsy. Dev Med
Child Neurol 43 Suppl. 8:19, 2001.

9. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Reed M, Do KP, Wren TAL: Changes in pelvic rotation
after multi-level surgery with and without femoral derotation osteotomy in cerebral
palsy. Gait and Posture 18 Suppl. 2: S25, 2003.

10.Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Kelly J, Wren TAL: Predictive value of the Duncan-Ely
test. Gait and Posture 18 Suppl. 2: S78-79, 2003

11. Wren TAL, Do KP, Kay RM: Calf muscle length in equinus gait. Gait and Posture
18 Suppl. 2: S5-6, 2003.

12. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SR, Wren TAL, Furn-Buneo A, Skaggs DL: Serial casting
with and without botulinum toxin for fixed contractures in ambulatory children with
cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 46 Suppl. 99:9-10, 2004.

13. Do KP, Wren TAL, Kay RM: Dynamic hamstring length in children with cerebral
palsy and crouch gait before and after surgery. Dev Med Child Neurol 46 Suppl.
99:32-33, 2004.

14. Wren TAL, Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM: Frequency of specific gait abnormalities in
children with cerebral palsy: influence of age and level of involvement. Dev Med
Child Neurol 46 Suppl. 99:34, 2004.

15. Wren TAL, Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM: Influence of prior surgical intervention on the
frequency of specific gait abnormalities in children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med
Child Neurol 46 Suppl. 99:48, 2004.

16. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Fern-Bueno A, Wren TAL, Skaggs DL: Does injection of
Botox facilitate serial casting of fixed contractures? Gait and Posture 20 Suppl. 1:
S17, 2004.

17. Wren TAL, Rethlefsen SA,Kay RM: Influence of involvement and age on the
prevalence of specific gait abnormalities in children with cerebral palsy. Gait and
Posture 20 Suppl. 1: S38-39, 2004.

18. Wren TAL, Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM: Influence of previous surgery on the
prevalence of specific gait abnormalities in children with cerebral palsy. Gait and
Posture 20 Suppl. 1: S39-40, 2004.

19. Do KP, Wren TAL, Kay RM: Dynamic hamstring length before and after surgery in
children with cerebral palsy and crouch gait. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 46 Suppl. 99: 32-33, 2004.

20. Cheatwood AP, Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM, Wren TAL: Changes in medial
gastrocnemius architecture with spasticity and contracture. Trans. Orthop. Res. Soc.
31: 137, 2006.

21. Rethlefsen SA, Healy BS, Wren TAL, Skaggs DL, Kay RM: Contributors to in-
toeing in children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child
Neurology 48 Suppl. 106: 26-27, 2006.

22. Kay RM, Michlitsch MG, Rethlefsen SA: Causes of varus feet in children with
cerebral palsy: anterior or posterior tibialis? Developmental Medicine and Child
Neurology 48 Suppl. 106: 40-41, 2006.

23. Kay R, Rethlefsen S, Kam G, Wren TAL: Predictors of outcome of distal rectus
femoris transfer surgery in children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine
and Child Neurology 49 Suppl. 111: 25-26, 2007.

Chapters

1. Oppenheim WL, Kay RM. Bone and Joint Infections. In Pediatric Surgery, 5th Edition.
Edited by JA O'Neil, Jr., MI Rowe, JL Grosfeld, EW Fonkalsrud, AG Coran, pp. 1879-1891,
St. Louis, Mosby, 1998.

2. Flynn JM, Skaggs D, Sponseller PD, Ganley TJ, Kay RM, Leitch KK: The Surgical
Management of Pediatric Fractures of the Lower Extremity. In Instructional Course Lectures, Volume 52. Edited by DC Ferlic, pp. 647-659, Rosemont, IL, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2003.

3. Kay RM: Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis. In Lovell and Winter’s Pediatric Orthopaedics,
6th Edition. Edited by RT Morrissy, SL Weinstein, pp. 1085-1124, Philadelphia, Lippincott
Williams & Wilkins, 2006.

4. Kay RM, Tolo VT. Management of the Multiply Injured Child. In Fractures in Children, 6th
Edition. Edited by JH Beaty, JR Kasser, pp. 77-98, Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams &
Wilkins, 2006.

5. Kay RM, Oppenheim WL. Bone and joint Infections. In Pediatric Surgery, 6th Edition.
Edited by JL Grosfeld, JA O’Neill, AG Coran, EW Fonkalsrud, pp. 2033-2049, Philadelphia,
Mosby Elsevier, 2006.

6. Kay RM. Lower Extremity Surgery in Children with Cerebral Palsy. In Master Techniques in
Orthopaedic Surgery: Pediatrics. Edited by VT Tolo and DL Skaggs, pp. 83-119,
Philadelphia, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2008.

7. Ryan DD, Kay RM. Midfoot Osteotomies. In Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery:
Pediatrics. Edited by VT Tolo, DL Skaggs, pp. 83-119, Philadelphia, Lippincott, Williams &
Wilkins, 2008.

Nina Lightdale, MD

Peer Review

1. Aldridge JM. Lightdale NR. Mallon WJ. Coonrad RW.
A Thirty-One Year Survival Analysis of Total Elbow Arthroplasty.
JBJS-B 88:509-514 Apr 2006

2. Ganesh, SP. Pietroban, R. Lightdale, NR. Nunley, JA.
Impact of Diabetes on Patient Outcomes After Ankle Fracture.
JBJS-A 87: 1712-1718 Aug 2005

3. Magnadottir H. Lightdale N. Harbaugh R.
Clinical Outcomes Analysis of High Risk Patients Undergoing Carotid
Endarterectomy. Neurosurgery 45(4):786-91, Oct 1999

4. Carmeci C. Thompson D. Kuang W. Lightdale N. Weigel R.
Moesin expression is associated with ER-negative breast cancer phenotype.
Surgery 124(2): 211-17, 1998

5. Wolff M. Niguidula N. Lightdale NR.
Determination of NAT2 phenotypes in human female populations by analysis of caffeine urinary metabolites.
Eur J of Oncology 4: 645-51, 1999

Articles Submitted

1. Lightdale, NR. Aldridge, JM. Urbaniak, JR.
Intrinsic Vascularized Bone Grafting for Bilateral Avascular Necrosis of the Capitate.
J Hand Surg (submitted 2007)

2. Lightdale, NR. Urbaniak JR. Fitch, RO.
Free vascularized fibular graft for femoral head osteonecrosis secondary to slipped
capital femoral epiphyses. J Ped Ortho (submitted 2007)

Deirdre D Ryan, MD

Peer Review

1.Kim-Gavino C, Lomasney LM, Desmos TS, Ryan D: What’s your diagnosis?
Aggressive periosteal reaction and codman’s triangle marginal to an osteosarcoma of
the distal femur. Orthopedics 29(5):382, 459-63, 2006.

2.Ryan DD: Advancements in Cerebral Palsy. Loyola University Chicago
Orthopaedic Journal, Vol XIV, 18-22, 2005

3.Ryan DD, Rethlefsen SA, Skaggs DL, Kay, RM: Results of Tibial Rotational
Osteotomy Without Concomitant Fibular Osteotomy in Children With Cerebral Palsy.
J Pediatr Orthop, 25:84-88, 2005

4.Ryan DD: Charcot-Marie-Tooth Polyneuropathy. Loyola University Chicago
Orthopaedic Journal, Vol XIII, 83-88, 2004

Chapters

Ryan DD, Kay RM.
Midfoot Osteotomies
In: Masters Techniques in Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery (Lipincot Williams and
Wilkins) In press.

David L Skaggs, MD

Textbooks – Primary Author/Editor

1. Skaggs, David L.; Flynn, John M. Staying Out of Trouble in Pediatric
Orthopaedics. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006.

2. Tolo, Vernon T.; Skaggs, David L. Masters Techniques in Pediatric
Orthopaedic Surgery. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2008.

3. Beaty, J; Kasser, J; Skaggs, David L.; Flynn, J; Waters, P (eds) Rockwood and
Wilkins Fractures in Children, Philadelphia, Lippincott, Williams & Wilins, 2010.

Textbooks – Section Editor

AAOS Comprehensive Orthopaedic Review, Ed. Lieberman JR, Pediatirc Section
Editors, Kay, RM, Skaggs, DL, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons,
Rosemont, Illinois, 2009

Peer Review

1. Skaggs DL, Weidenbaum M, Iatridis JC, Ratcliffe A, Mow VC.
Regional variations in the tensile properties and biomechanical composition of human
annulus fibroses. Spine 19(12):1310-1319, 1994.

2. Skaggs DL, Warden WH, Mow VC.
Structure and function of radial tie fibers in the bovine medial meniscus.
J Orthop Res 10(2):176-185, 1994.

3. Skaggs DL, Grelsemar RP.
Use of a sheathed knife in hip arthroscopy.
Orthop Rev 22(10):1171, 1993.

4. Skaggs DL, Tolo VT
Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg 4:9-16, 1996.

5. Skaggs DL, Bassett GS.
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Update for the nineties.
Am Fam Phys 53:2327-2334, 1996

6. Skaggs DL, Kaminsky C, Eskander-Rickars E, Tolo VT, Bassett GS.
Lengthening of the Psoas tendon at the “over the brim” position: anatomic investigation
and surgical technique. Clin Orthop 339:174-179, 1997.

7. Bassett GS, Barton KL, Skaggs DL.Laser doppler flowmetry during open reduction for developmental dysplasia of the hip.
Clin Orthop 340:158-64, 1997.

8. Skaggs DL,
Elbow Fractures in Children: Diagnosis and Management.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg 5:303-312, 1997.

9. Skaggs D, Pershad J:
Pediatric Elbow Trauma.
Ped Emerg Care 13: 425-434, 1997.

10. Gilsanz V, Skaggs DL, Kovanlikaya A, Sayer J, Loro ML, Kaufman F, Korenman SG.
Differential Effect of race on the Axial and Appendicular Skeletons of Children.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 83:1420-1427, 1998.

11. Hammond W, Kay RM, Skaggs DL.
Operative Management of Supracondylar Fractures in Children.
AORN J 86:186-200, 1998.

12. Skaggs DL, Hale JM, Buggay, SD, Kay RM.
Use of a hybrid eternal fixator in a juxta-articular, comminuted fracture of the distal humerus.
J Orthop Trauma 12(6):439-442 1998.

13. Kay RM, Skaggs DL.
Montagia fractures in children.
Am J Orthop Surg 27(9), 606-609 1998.

14. Skaggs DL, Kaminsky C, Kay RM, Tolo V, Reynolds RAK.
Reliability of the acetabular index in developmentally dysplastic hips.
J Ped Orthop 18(6):799-801, 1998.

15. Raimondo RA, Skaggs DL, Rosenwasser MP, Dick HM.
Lengthening of pediatric forearm deformities using the Ilizarov technique: functional and
cosmetic results.
J Hand Surge Am 24(2):331-8, 1999.

16. Skaggs DL, Leet A, Money M, Shaw B, Tolo VT.
Complications of external fixation in the treatment of femur fractures in children.
J Ped Orthop 19(5):582-586, 1999.

17. Skaggs DL, Kautz S, Kay RM, Tolo VT.
Effect of delay of surgical treatment on rate of infection in open fractures in children.
J Ped Orthop 20:19-22, 2000.

18. Skaggs DL, Roberts JM, Codsi MD, Meyers BC, Moral L, Masso PD.Mild gait abnormality and leg discomfort in a young child secondary to extra-dural
ganglioneuroma.
Am J Orthop Surg 29(2):111-114, 2000.

19. Skaggs DL, Mirzaryan R.
Fat pad sign in occult pediatric elbow fractures.
J Bone Joint Surg 81A(10):1429-33, 1999.

20. Leet A, Skaggs DL.
The Limping Child.
Am Fam Physician 61:1011-8, 2000.

21. Skaggs DL, Moon C, Kay RM, Peterson HA.
Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica of the acetabulum. A report of two cases.
J Bone Joint Surg 82A(3): 409-414, 2000.

22. Kay RM, Dennis S, Rethlefsen S, Reynolds RA, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT.
The effect of preoperative gait analysis on orthopedic decision-making.
Clin Orthop Rel Res 372:217-22, 2000.

23. Skaggs DL, DuBois B, Kay RM, Hale JM, Tolo V.
A Simplified Valgus Osteotomy of the Proximal Femur in Children.
J Ped Orthop (B) 9:114-118, 2000.

24. Skaggs DL, Codsi M, Roberts JM, Meyers BC, Masso PD.
Rapidly progressing scoliosis with unilateral absence of the clavicle and fused cervical vertebrae.
Am J Orthop Surg 29(5):383-386, 2000.

25. Kay RM, Dennis S, Rethlefsen S, Skaggs DL.
Impact of Postoperative Gait Analysis on Orthopedic Care.
Clin Orthop Rel Res 374:259-64, 2000.

26. Codsi MJ, Keens TG, Stein JE, Miyasaka K, Skaggs DL.
Respiratory failure in postpneumonectomy syndrome complicated by thoracic lordoscoliosis:
treatment with prosthetic implants, partial vertebrectomies, and spinal fusion.
Spine 25(19):2531-6, 2000.

27. Skaggs DL, Rethlefsen S, Kay RM, Dennis S, Reynolds RAK, Tolo VT.
Variability in Gait Analysis Interpretation.
J Ped Orthop 20(6): 759-764, 2000.

28. Kay RM, Jaki KA, Skaggs DL.
The Effect of Femoral Rotation on the Projected Femoral Neck-Shaft Angle.
J Ped Orthop 20(6):736-739, 2000.

29. Skaggs DL, Samuelson MA, Hale JM, Kay RM, Tolo VT.
Complications of posterior iliac crest bone grafting in spine surgery in children.
Spine 25(18):2400-2, 2000.

30. Tang CW, Skaggs DL, Kay RM.
Elbow aspiration and arthrogram: an alternative method.
Am J Orthop 30:256, 2000.

31. Barton KL, Kaminsky CK, Green DW, Shean CJ, Kautz SM, Skaggs DL.
Reliability of a modified Gartland classification of supracondylar humerus fractures.
J Pediatr Orthop 21(1):27-30, 2001

32. Skaggs DL, Clemons S, M Vitale, Femino JD, Kay RM.
Access to orthopedic care for children with Government versus private insurance in California.
Pediatrics, 107(6):1405-1408, 2001.
33. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Dennis SW, Skaggs DL.
Prediction of gait velocity in post-operative cerebral palsy patients.
J Pediatr Orthop, 10B:275-278, 2001.

34. Skaggs DL, Loro ML, Kuehn S, Pitukcheewanont P, Tolo V, Gilsanz V.
Increased body weight and decreased radial cross-sectional dimensions in girls with forearm
fractures.
J Bone Min Res 16:1337-1342, 2001.

35. Kay RM, Skaggs DL
Bilateral Hip Dislocations in a Father and Son with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.
Orthopedics 24:1165-1166, 2001.

36. Vitale MG. Skaggs DL.
Developmental dysplasia of the hip from six months to four years of age.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 9(6):401-11, 2001.

37. Skaggs DL, Kim SK. Greene NW. Harris D. Miller JH.
Differentiation between bone infarction and acute osteomyelitis in children with sickle-
cell disease with use of sequential radionuclide bone-marrow and bone scans.
J Bone Joint Surg 83-A(12):1810-3, 2001.

38. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Skaggs D, Arabella Leet A.
Outcome of Medial Versus Combined Medial and Lateral Hamstring Lengthening
Surgery in Cerebral Palsy
J Ped Orthop 22:169-172, 2002.

39. Tang CW, Kay RM, Skaggs DL.
Growth Arrest of the Distal Radius Following a Metaphyseal Fracture
J Ped Orthop(B) 11:89-92, 2002.

40. Skaggs DL, Roy A K, Pfiefer C, Vitale MG, Pfiefer C, Baird G, Femino D, Kay R M.
Quality of evaluation and management of children requiring timely orthopedic surgery
prior to admission to a tertiary pediatric facility.
J Ped Orthop 22:265-267:2002

41. Femino JD, Early SD, Skaggs DL.
Current management of pediatric musculoskeletal infections and tumors.
Curr Opin Orthop 2002, 13:419-423, 2002.

42. Vitale MG. Guha A. Skaggs DL.
Orthopaedic manifestations of neurofibromatosis in children: an update.
Clin Orthop& Rel Res. (401):107-18, 2002.

43. Flynn JM, Skaggs D, Paul D. Sponseller, Ganley TJ, Kay RM, and Leitch KK
The Operative Management of Pediatric Fractures of the Lower Extremity
J Bone Joint Surg Am 84: 2288-2300, 2002.

44. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Julia M. Hale, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT. Comparison of
Proximal and Distal Rotational Femoral Osteotomy in Children With Cerebral
Palsy J Ped Orthop; 23(2):150-154, 2003

45. Huang EY. Acosta JM. Gardocki RJ. Danielson PD. Skaggs DL. Reynolds RA.
Tolo VT. Stein JE. Thoracoscopic anterior spinal release and fusion: evolution of a
faster, improved approach. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 37(12):1732-5, 2002.

46. Ziv ET. Gordon McComb J. Krieger MD. Skaggs DL. Iatrogenic intraspinal
epidermoid tumor: two cases and a review of the literature. Spine. 29(1):E15-8,
2004 .

47. Early SD, Kay RM, Maguire MF, Skaggs DL Delayed neurologic injury due to
bone graft migration into the spinal canal following scoliosis surgery. Orthopedics
26(5):515-6, May 2003.

48. Noonan KJ. Flynn JM. Skaggs DL. Report on the 2002 Pediatric Orthopaedic
Society of North America Traveling Fellowship. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics.
24(2):231-4, 2004 Mar-Apr.

49. Skaggs DL. Cluck MW. Mostofi A. Flynn JM. Kay RM. Lateral-entry pin fixation
in the management of supracondylar fractures in children. Journal of Bone & Joint
Surgery. 86-A(4):702-7, April 2004 52. Kay RM. Rethlefsen S. Reed M. Do KP. Skaggs DL. Wren TA. Changes in pelvic
rotation after soft tissue and bony surgery in ambulatory children with cerebral
palsy. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. 24(3):278-82, May-Jun 2004.

50. Gupta N. Kay RM. Leitch K. Femino JD. Tolo VT. Skaggs DL. Effect of surgical
delay on perioperative complications and need for open reduction in supracondylar
humerus fractures in children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. 24(3):245-8, May-
Jun 2004.

51. Yuan N. Skaggs DL. Davidson Ward SL. Platzker AC. Keens TG. Preoperative
polysomnograms and infant pulmonary function tests do not predict prolonged
postoperative mechanical ventilation in children following scoliosis repair. Ped
Pulmon. 38(3):256-60, Sep 2004 .

52. Kay RM. Rethlefsen SA. Fern-Buneo A. Wren TA. Skaggs DL. Botulinum toxin as
an adjunct to serial casting treatment in children with cerebral palsy. J Bone Joint
Surge 86-A(11):2377-84, Nov 2004.

53. Skaggs DL, Friend L, Alman B, Chambers H , Schmitz M, Leake B, Kay RM,
Flynn JM.
The Effect of Surgical Delay on Infection In 554 Open Fractures In Children, J
Bone Joint Surge 87-A(1):8-12, 2005.

54. Ryan DD. Rethlefsen SA. Skaggs DL. Kay RM. Results of tibial rotational
osteotomy without concomitant fibular osteotomy in children with cerebral palsy. J
Pediatr Orthop. 25(1):84-8, 2005 Jan-Feb.

55. Vitale MA. Arons RR. Hyman JE. Skaggs DL. Roye DP. Vitale MG.
The contribution of hospital volume, payer status, and other factors on the surgical
outcomes of scoliosis patients: a review of 3,606 cases in the State of California. J
Pediatr Orthop. 25(3):393-9, 2005 May-Jun.

56. Hwang AH. Hwang MM. Xie HW. Hardy BE. Skaggs DL. Access to urologic care
for children in California: Medicaid versus private insurance. Urology. 66(1):170-3,
2005 .

57. Yuan N. Skaggs DL. Dorey F. Keens TG. Preoperative predictors of prolonged
postoperative mechanical ventilation in children following scoliosis repair.
Pediatric Pulmonology. 40(5):414-9, 2005 Nov.

58. Vitale MG. Kessler MW. Choe JC. Hwang MW. Tolo VT. Skaggs DL. Pelvic
fractures in children: an exploration of practice patterns and patient outcomes.
Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. 25(5):581-7, 2005 Sep-Oct.62. Yuan N. Fraire JA. Margetis MM. Skaggs DL. Tolo VT. Keens TG. The effect of
scoliosis surgery on lung function in the immediate postoperative period. Spine.
30(19):2182-5, 2005 Oct.

59. Vitale MA. Heyworth BE. Skaggs DL. Roye DP Jr. Lipton CB. Vitale MG.
Comparison of the volume of scoliosis surgery between spine and pediatric
orthopaedic fellowship-trained surgeons in New York and California. J Bone Joint
Surge. 87-A(12):2687-92, 2005 Dec.

60. Stewart DG Jr. Kay RM. Skaggs DL. Open fractures in children. Principles of
evaluation and management. J Bone Joint Surge. 87-A(12):2784-98, 2005 Dec.
65. Kay RM. Skaggs DL. Pediatric polytrauma management. J Pediatr
Orthop26(2):268-77, 2006 Mar-Apr.

61. Stewart DG Jr. Skaggs DL. Consultation with the Specialist: Adolescent
Idiopathic Scoliosis. Pediatrics in Review. 27(8):299-305, 2006 Aug.

62. Ho CA. Skaggs DL. Tang CW. Kay RM. Use of flexible intramedullary nails in
pediatric femur fractures. [Journal Article] J Ped Ortho.p 26(4):497-504, 2006 Jul-
Aug

63. Skaggs DL. Lehmann CL. Rice C. Killelea BK. Bauer RM. Kay RM. Vitale MG.
Access to orthopaedic care for children with medicaid versus private insurance:
results of a national survey. J Ped Orthops. 26(3):400-4, 2006 May-Jun.

64. Skaggs DL. Early SD. D'Ambra P. Tolo VT. Kay RM. Back pain and backpacks in
school children. J Ped Orthops. 26(3):358-63, 2006 May-Jun.

65. Storer SK. Skaggs DL. Pearls and pitfalls in the evaluation of pediatric congenital
and developmental disorders. Instructional Course Lectures. 55:615-23, 2006.

66. Storer SK. Skaggs DL. Developmental dysplasia of the hip. American Family
Physician. 74(8):1310-6, 2006 Oct 15.

67. Leitch KK. Kay RM. Femino JD. Tolo VT. Storer SK. Skaggs DL. Treatment of
multidirectionally unstable supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A modified
Gartland type-IV fracture. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery - American Volume.
88(5):980-5, 2006 May.

68. Claudius I. Skaggs D. Nager A. Poststabilization care for pediatric fractures: a
follow-up survey. Ped Emerg Care. 22(8):562-5, 2006 Aug.74. Cluck MW. Skaggs DL. Cobalt chromium sublaminar wires for spinal deformity
surgery. Spine. 31(19):2209-12, 2006 Sep 1

69. Buchowski JM, Bhatnagar R, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD: Temporary internal
distraction as an aid to correction of severe scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg
88A(9):2035-2041, 2006.

70. Rethlefsen SA, Healy BS, Wren TAL , Skaggs DL, and Kay RM. Causes
of Intoeing Gait in Children with Cerebral Palsy. J Bone Joint Surg 88-A:2175-
2180, 2006.

71. Ramachandran M. Kay RM. Skaggs DL. Treatment of hip dislocation in kabuki
syndrome: a report of three hips in two patients. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics.
27(1):37-40, 2007 Jan-Feb.

72. Skaggs DL. Oda JE. Lerman L. McGoldrick E. Rice C. Weiss J. Kay RM.
Insurance status and delay in orthotic treatment in children. Journal of Pediatric
Orthopedics. 27(1):94-7, 2007 Jan-Feb.

73. Sankar WN. Hebela NM. Skaggs DL. Flynn JM. Loss of pin fixation in displaced
supracondylar humeral fractures in children: causes and prevention. J Bone Joint
Surg 89(4)-A:713-7,2007.

74. Buchowski JM, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD: Temporary internal distraction as an
aid to correction of severe scoliosis. Surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am
89(suppl 2, part 2):297-309, 2007.

75. Weiss JM, Skaggs D, Tanner J, Tolo V. Cell Saver: is it beneficial in scoliosis
surgery? J Child Orthop 1:221-227, 2007.

76. Choi PD. Rose RK. Kay RM. Skaggs DL. Compartment syndrome of the thigh in
an infant: a case report. J Orthop Trauma. 21(8):587-90, 2007

77. Albrekston J. Kay RM, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Abduction pillow immobilization
following hip surgery: a wecome alternative for selected patients. J Child Orthop
1:299-305, 2007.

78. Sankar WN, Albrekston J, Lerman L, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Scoliosis in-brace
curve correction and patient preference of CAD/CAM versus plaster molded
TLSOs. J Child Orthop 1:345-349, 2007

79. Vitale MG, Matsumoto H, Roye DP, Gomez, JA. Betz RR, Emans JB, Skaggs D
L, Smith JT. Song K, Campbell RM Health-Related Quality of Life in Children
With Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome. J Ped Orthop. 28(2):239-243, March 2008.86. Skaggs DL, Sankar WN, Albrektson J, Vaishnav S, Choi PD, Kay RM. How Safe
Is the Operative Treatment of Gartland Type 2 Supracondylar Humerus Fractures in
Children? J Ped Orthop. 28(2):139-141, March 2008.

80. Sankar, W; Chen, J; Kay, Robert M ; Skaggs, D L Incidence of Occult Fracture in
Children With Acute Ankle Injuries. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 28(5):500-
501, July/August 2008.

81. Omid R. Choi PD. Skaggs DL. Supracondylar humeral fractures in children. Journal
of Bone & Joint Surgery - American Volume. 90(5):1121-32, 2008 May.

82. Skaggs DL. Lerman LD. Albrektson J. Lerman M. Stewart DG. Tolo VT. Use of a
noninvasive halo in children. Spine. 33(15):1650-4, 2008 Jul 1.

83. Roach JW. Skaggs DL. Sponseller PD. Macleod LM. Is research presented at the
scoliosis research society annual meeting influenced by industry funding? Spine.
33(20):2208-12, 2008 Sep 15.

84. M. Ramachandran; D. L. Skaggs; H. A. Crawford; D. M. Eastwood; F. D. Lalonde,
MD; M. G. Vitale, MD; T. T. Do,; and R. M. Kay, MD. Delaying Treatment of
Supracondylar Fractures in Children: Hs the Pendulum Swung too Far?, J Bone Joint
Surge: 90-B, 1228-1233, 2008

85. Kasimian S. Skaggs DL. Sankar WN. Farlo J. Goodarzi M. Tolo VT. Aprotinin in
pediatric neuromuscular scoliosis surgery. European Spine Journal. 17(12):1671-5,
2008 Dec.

86. Skaggs DL, Bushman G, Grunander T, Wong P, Sankar W, Tolo VT. Shortening of
Growing-Rod Spinal Instrumentation Reverses Cardiac Failure in Child with Marfan
Syndrome and Scoliosis, J Bone Joint Surge, 90-A 2745-2750, 2008.

87. Sankar WN, Weiss J, Skaggs DL, Orthopaedic Conditions in the Newborn, J Am
Acad Orthop Surg 2009 17: 112-122.

88. Ogawa, BK, Skaggs DL, Kay. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the 

Lumbar Spine. Am J Orthop:38(5):E89-92, 2009.

89. Weiss JM. Choi P. Ghatan C. Skaggs DL. Kay RM. Complications with flexible
nailing of femur fractures more than double with child obesity and weight >50 kg. J ChildOrthop. 3(1):53-8, 2009.

90. Wren TA. Chen AY. Wang VJ. Claudius IA. Skaggs DL. Prior treatment of fracture
patients in a tertiary pediatric emergency department: informal referrals from other
emergency departments. J Pediatr Orthop. 29(2):137-41, 2009.

91. Limpaphayom, N; Skaggs, DL.; McComb, G; Krieger, M; Tolo, VT., Complications
of Halo Use in Children, Spine. 34(8):779-784, 2009.

92. Skaggs DL. Choi PD. Rice C. Emans J. Song KM. Smith JT. Campbell RM Jr.
Efficacy of intraoperative neurologic monitoring in surgery involving a vertical
expandable prosthetic titanium rib for early-onset spinal deformity. J Bone Joint
Surge – Am, 91(7):1657-63,2009

93. Sponseller PD. Yang JS. Thompson GH. McCarthy RE. Emans JB. Skaggs DL.
Asher MA. Yazici M. Poe-Kochert C. Kostial P. Akbarnia BA. Pelvic fixation of
growing rods: comparison of constructs. Spine. 34(16):1706-10, 2009.

94. Weiss JM. Graves S. Yang S. Mendelsohn E. Kay RM. Skaggs DL. A new
classification system predictive of complications in surgically treated pediatric
humeral lateral condyle fractures. J Pedia Orthop. 29(6):602-5, 2009.

95. Sankar WN. Skaggs DL. Emans JB. Marks DS. Dormans JP. Thompson GH.
Shah SA. Sponseller PD. Akbarnia BA. Neurologic risk in growing rod spine surgery
in early onset scoliosis: is neuromonitoring necessary for all cases? Spine.
34(18):1952-5, 2009.

96. Karlen, JW, Skaggs DL, Ramachandran M, Kay RM. The Dega Osteotomy: A
versatile Osteotomy in the Treatment of Developmental and Neuromuscular Hip
Pathology. J Pediatr Orthop. 29(7): 676-682, 2009.

Peer Review In Press

1. Nutritional Effects of VEPTR, Spine.
2. Neurologic Risk in Growing Rod Spine Surgery in Early Onset Scoliosis:
Is Neuromonitoring necessary for all cases?, Spine.
3. Distal Humerus Osteotomy for Supracondylar Fracture Malunion in Children: A Study of
Perioperative Complications, Am J Ortho Surge4. Prior Treatment of Fracture Patients in a Tertiary Pediatric Emergency Department:
Informal Referrals from Other Emergency Departments, J Ped Orthop
5. A New Surgical Technique for Treatment of Supracondylar Humerus Fracture Malunions in Children. J Child Orthop

Peer Reivewed Submitted

1. A New Classification System Predictive of Complications in Surgically Treated Pediatric
Humeral Lateral Condyle Fractures, J Bone Joint Surge
2. The Pulseless Supracondylar Humerus Fracture in Children, JPO

Non Peer Review

1. McGinley BJ, Skaggs DL, Roye DP.
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis.
Emerg Pediatr 5(4): 81-83, 1992.
2. Skaggs DL, Warden WH, Roye DP.
Pediatric ankle injuries.
Emerg Pediatr 6:122-125, 1993.
3. Reynolds RAK, Skaggs DL.
Prescribing orthoses for pediatric patients (letter).
Biomechanics: The Magazine of Lower Extremity Movement 2(5): 9, 1995.
4. Skaggs DL, Roye DP.
Infantile and juvenile scoliosis.
Spine: State of the Art Reviews 8(3): 605-621, 1994.
5. Ishak A, Skaggs DL.
Foot and ankle pediatric bracing.
Biomechanics: The Magazine of Lower Extremity Movement 2(7): 35-36, 1995.
6. Kautz S, Skaggs DL.
Spinal Disorders in Children.
Contemp Ped, 15(9):111-128, 1998.7. Skaggs DL
Access to Orthopedic Care for Children with Medi-Cal.
California Pediatrician, 9-12, Fall 2001.
8. Skaggs DL, Samuelson MA, Hale JM, Kay RM, Tolo VT.
Complications of posterior iliac crest bone grafting in spine surgery in children.
Spine 25(18):2400-2, 2000. Reviewed in The Yearbook of Orthopedics, 2001, Ed:
Bernard F. Morrey, p.39, 2001.
9. Skaggs DL Metatarsus Adductus
Pediatrics in review, 23:254, July 2002.
10. Skaggs DL, Obtaining academic research funding. American Academy of
Orthopaedic Surgeons Bulletin, 52(2):21, April, 2004.
11. Rice CN, Skaggs DL A New Treatment for Children with Early Scoliosis or
Thoracic Deformity. California Pediatrician, p.9-10, Spring 2004.
12. Skaggs, DL. Commentary on Neurosurgical Management of Myelomeningocele.
Pediatrics in Review, American Academy of Pediatrics, 26:58, 2005.

Book Reviews

1. Skeletal Trauma in Children. 3rd
ed. Neil E. Green and Marc F. Swiontkowski, editors.
Philadelphia: Suanders;2003. J Bone Joint Surge, 85-A, 1415, 2003.

Editorials and Invited Commentaries

1. Skaggs DL. Referrals from scoliosis screenings. American Family Physician. 64(1):32,
34-5, July 1, 2001.
2. Skaggs DL. Less Access to Care for Children with Medicaid. Orthopedics. 26(12):1184-
1186, December, 2003.
3. Skaggs DL. Invited Commentary on Posterior Spinal fusion Was Not Improved by
Supplemental bone Graft In Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, J Bone Joint Surg 88-
A:2313, 2006.

Letters to Editors

1. Mow VC, Skaggs DL.
Regional variations in the tensile properties and biomechanical composition of human
annulus fibrosus (letter).
Spine 20(9):1103-1104, 1995.2. Skaggs DL.
Effectiveness of Treatment with a Brace in Girls who Have Adolescent Idiopathic
Scoliosis. Prospective, Controlled Study Based on Data from the Brace Study of the
Scoliosis Research Society” (letter).
J Bone Joint Surg 78A:151, 1996.
3. Skaggs DL, Bassett G S:
Screening for idiopathic adolescent scoliosis (letter)
Am Fam Phys 55:1073-4, 1997.
4. Skaggs DL. Kay RM. Tolo VT.
Fracture stability after pinning of displaced supracondylar distal humerus fractures in
children.
J of Ped Orthop 22(5):697; discussion 697-8, 2002

Chapters

1. Vitale M, Skaggs DL.
Elbow and Forearm: Pediatric Aspects,
Orthopaedic Knowledge Update 7 (Kenneth J. Koval, Ed)
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, 299-306, 2002.
2. Moon CN, Femino JD, Skaggs DL.
Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica.
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Guide to Rare Disorders
Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Philadelphia, PA; 2003:p 186.
3. Flynn JM, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD, Ganley TJ, Kay RM, Leitch KK.
The surgical management of pediatric fractures of the lower extremity.
Instructional Course Lectures. 52:647-59, 2003.
4. Leitch K, Skaggs DL.
Pediatric Orthopedics. Essentials of Musculoskeletal Imaging.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2004.
5. Storer SK, Vitale M, Skaggs DL.
Spine. Pediatrics. (K. E. Cramer, S. A. Scherl, Eds.)
Series: Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials (P. Tornetta III, T. A. Einhorn, Eds.), 2004
6. Skaggs, DL.
Extra-Articular Injuries of the Knee. In Fractures in Children, 6th Edition. Edited by JH Beaty, JR Kasser, pp. 937-984, Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,
2006.
7. Choi, Paul D., Skaggs, David L.
Polytrama in Pediatric Orthopaedic Secrets
Edited by Lynn T. Staheli, Kit M. Song, 2007
8. Ramachandran M, Skaggs DL.
Physeal injuries in Skeletal Trauma in Children
edited by Green & Swiontkowski, Saunders, 2009.
9. Choi P, Chan G, Skaggs DL, Flynn JM.
Fractures, Dislocations, and Acquired Problems the Shoulder in Children in The Shoulder, Fourth
Editors Rockwood, Matsen, Wirth, Lippit. Saunders, 2009.

Video/Audio

1. Supracondylar Elbow Fractures in Children, Audio-Digest Orthopaedics, 28:04,
April 28, 2005.

Media Appearances

1. ABC,(national) “Vital Signs”, 12 documentary of Kyphectomy in a 2-year-old girl
with spina bifida. April 10, 1997 + re-runs
Currently in re-runs on Discovery Channel.
2. ABC (national) “Childrens Miracle Network”, Spine surgery on girl from Japan, June
6, 1999.
3. KNBC-TV', "Today in LA", Studio interview, Backpack Use in Schoolchildren,
September 5, 20014. ABC, Los Angeles, Eyewitness News, First patient in California with Titanium Rib
Prosthesis, November 8, 2001.
5. Front Page of “Daily Breeze” newspaper, Southern California, “Surgery brings hope
to family”, Story on first titanium rib implant in California, performed by David L.
Skaggs, MD, November 19th
, 2001.
6. KFRO radio interview, San Francisco, Pending legislation in Sacramento regarding
backpacks and school children, April 25, 2002.
7. FOX, Fox News, Backpacks and back pain, April 30, 2002.
8. KABC-TV, Children’s Miracle Network, June 2, 2002.
9. ABC (national)– Miracle Workers, Thoracic expansion and scoliois correction
surgery in a 2 year old. 8pm, March 13, 2006
10. NBC News (national)Your Total Health, “The Power of Napping”, November 18,
2007.
11. ABC (national)– Imagine: A Celebration of Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Dec 15,
2007
12. PBS (Los Angeles) – American Health Journal – “Pediatric Orthoapedics” March 26,
28, Aptil 1, 2008.

Vernon T Tolo, MD

Peer Review Journals

1. Baker RR, Merz T, Kim ST, and Tolo VT.
Evaluation of isolated perfused segment of dog ilium as a means of growing tumor.
J Surg Res 9:458-461, 1969.
2. Baker RR, Wood S Jr, Cong PV, Kim ST and Tolo VT.
Role of the cervical lymph nodes as a barrier to metastatic tumor.
Am J Surg 118:654-659, 1969.
3. Herndon JH, Tolo VT, Lanoue AM and Deffer PS.
Management of fractured femurs in acute amputees. (Results of early ambulation in a
cast-brace and pylon).
J Bone Joint Surg 55A:600-613, 1973.
4. Herndon JH, Tolo VT, Buchman RJ and Lanoue AM.
Unrecognized vascular lesions in war-injured amputees.
J Trauma 13:672-677, 1973.
5. Tolo VT and Gillespie R.
The characteristics of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis and results of its treatment.
J Bone Joint Surg 60B:181-188, 1978.
6. Weiland AJ, Meyer S, Tolo VT, Berg HL and Mueller J.
Surgical treatment of displaced supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children:
Analysis of 58 cases with a 5-15 year follow-up.
J Bone Joint Surg 60A:657-661, 1978.
7. Tolo VT and Weiland AJ.
Unsuspected atlas fracture and instability associated with oropharyngeal injury. A case
report.
J Trauma 19:278-280, 1979.
8. Hansen N and Tolo VT.
Wound botulism complicating an open fracture.
J Bone Joint Surg 61A:312-314, 1979.
9. Uematsu S and Tolo VT.
Intraoperative somatosensory evoked potential recording to monitor spinal cord function.
Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 21:253-266, 1981.
10. Tolo VT.
Congenital absence of menisci and cruciate ligaments of the knee – A case report.
J Bone Joint Surg Am 63(6):1022-1024, 1981
11. Tolo VT and Gillespie R.The use of shortened periods of rigid postoperative immobilization in the surgical
treatment of idiopathic scoliosis.
J Bone Joint Surg 63A:1137-1145, 1981.
12. Vetter L, Mathews L and Tolo VT.
Cervical anomaly simulating hangman’s fracture in a child: A case report.
J Bone Joint Surg Am 64(2):299-300, 1982.
13. Tolo VT.
External skeletal fixation in children’s fractures.
J Pedtr Orthop 3:435-442, 1983.
14. Tolo VT.
Progression in scoliosis: A 360-degree change in seventy-five years.
Spine 8:373-377, 1983.
15. Tolo VT, et al.
Report of the 1983 ABC Traveling Fellows.
J Bone Joint Surg 65A:1195-1200, 1983.
16. Tolo VT.
The surgical treatment of tumors in the hip area.
Histo-Morphologie Des Bewegungsapparates (Art and Science) 2:145-153, 1984.
17. Tolo VT.
Instruction case – Macrodactyly.
J Pedtr Orthop 4:503-506, 1984.
18. Tolo VT.
Current concepts of scoliosis management.
Adv Ortho Surg 8:165-167, 1984.
19. Moore JR, Tolo VT, Weiland AJ.
Painful subluxation of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb in Ehlers Danlos
syndrome.
J Hand Surg 10(5):661-663, 1985.
20. Yaster M, Simmons RS, Tolo VT, Pepple JM, Wetzel RC, Rogers MC.
Failure of IV nitroglycerin and hypotension in children and adolescents: A double-blind
study.
Anesthesiology 65:175-179, 1986.
21. McCarthy EF, Tolo VT, Dorfman HD.
Case report 446: Multi-centric osteogenic sarcoma.
Skeletal Radiol 16:592-596, 1987.
22. Van Dop C, Wang H, Mulaikal RM, Tolo VT, Rosenbaum AE.
Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism with spinal cord compression. Pedtr Radiol 18:429-431, 1988.
23. Bieber EJ, Tolo VT, Uematsu S.
Spinal cord monitoring during posterior spinal instrumentation.
Clin Ortho Related Res 229:121-124, 1988.
24. Tolo VT.
Scoliosis screening: Treatment, follow-up or discharge.
Spine 13 (10):1189-1190, 1988.
25. Mandelbaum B, Tolo VT, McAfee PC, Burest P.
Nutritional deficiencies after staged anterior and posterior spinal reconstructive surgery.
Clin Ortho Rel Res 234:5-11, 1988.
26. Gilsanz V, Gibbens DT, Carlson M, Boechat MI, Tolo VT.
The effect of limping on vertebral bone density: A study of children with tarsal coalition.
J Ped Ortho 9:33-36, 1989.
27. Uematsu S, Tolo VT.
Electrophysiological recordings during spinal surgery, stereotac.
Funct Neurosurg 52/2-4/89:145-156, 1989.
28. Merine D, Fishman EK, Rosengard A, Tolo VT.
Case report: Chondromyxoid fibroma of the fibula.
J Ped Ortho 9:468-471, 1989.
29. Martin DF, Tolo VT, Sellers DS, Weiland AJ.
Radial nerve laceration and retraction associated with a supracondylar fracture of the
humerus.
J Hand Surg 14A(3):542-545, 1989.
30. Weiland AJ, Weiss AP, Moore JR, Tolo VT.
Vascularized fibular grafts in the treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia.
J Bone Joint Surg Am 72A:654-662, 1990.
31. Bassett GS, Tolo VT.
The incidence and natural history of scoliosis in Rett syndrome.
Dev Med Child Neuro 32:963-966, 1990.
32. Bhatnager M, Sponseller PD, Carroll C, Tolo VT.
Pediatric atlantoaxial instability presenting as cerebral and cerebellar infarcts.
J Pedtr Orthop 11(1):103-107, 1991.
33. Bassett GS, Apel DM, Wintersteen VG, Tolo VT.
Measurement of femoral head microcirculation by laser doppler flowometry.
J Pedtr Orthop 11(3):307-313, 1991.
34. Apel DM, Marrero G, King J, Tolo VT, Bassett GS.
Avoiding paraplegia during anterior spinal surgery: The role of SSEP monitoring during
temporary occlusion of segmental spinal arteries. Spine 16 (Suppl):365-370, 1991.
35. Ford EG, Stanley P, Tolo VT, Woolley MM.
Peripheral congenital arteriovenous fistulae: Observe, operate or obturate?
J Ped Surg 27(6):714-719, 1992.
36. Bielski RJ, Bassett GS, Fideler B and Tolo VT.
Intraosseous infusions: Effects on the immature physis – an experimental model in
rabbits.
J Pedtr Orthop 13:511-515, 1993.
37. Carbonaro-Hall D, Williams RT, Wu L, Warburton D, Zeichner-David M, MacDougall
M, Tolo VT and Hall FL.
G1 expression and multi-stage dynamics of Cyclin A in human osteosarcoma cells.
Onc 8:1649-1659, 1993.
38. Williams RT, Wu L, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Tolo VT and Hall FL.
Identification of a novel cyclin-like protein in human tumor cells.
J Biol Chem 268:8871-8880, 1993.
39. Jeng C, Sponseller PD, and Tolo VT.
Outcome of Wisconsin instrumentation in idiopathic scoliosis: Minimum five year
follow-up.
Spine 18(12):1584-1590, 1993.
40. Wu L, Williams RT, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Liu L, Tolo VT and Hall FL.
Sequential and progressive cyclin expression in human osteosarcoma cells: Diagnostic
and therapeutic implications.
Intern J Onc 3:859-867, 1993.
41. Wu L, Yee A, Liu L, Carbonaro-Hall D, Venkatesan N, Tolo VT and Hall FL.
Molecular cloning of the human CAK1 gene encoding a cyclin-dependent kinase-
activating kinase.
Oncogene 9:2089-2096, 1994.
42. Wu L, Liu L, Yee A, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Tolo VT, and Hall FL.
Molecular cloning of the human CYCG1 gene encoding a G-type cyclin: overexpression
in human osteosarcoma cells.
Onc Rep 1:705-711, 1994.
43. Bodey B, Williams RT, Carbonaro-Hall D, Horvath A, Tolo VT, Luck JV Jr, and Hall FL.
Immunocytochemical detection of cyclin A and cyclin D in formalin-fixed tissues: Novel,
pertinent markers of cell proliferation.
Mod Pathol 7(8):846-852, 1994.
44. Wu L, Yee A, Liu L, Venkatesan N, Tolo VT and Hall FL.
Induction of p21/WAF1/CIP1 in synchronized osteosarcoma cells independent of P53.
Onc Rep 2:227-231, 1995.45. Canale ST and Tolo VT.
Fractures of the femur in children. Instruction course lecture, The American Academy of
Orthopaedic Surgeons.
J Bone Joint Surg 77(A):294-315, 1995.
46. Townsend DJ and Tolo VT.
Congenital dislocation of the hip.
Curr Opin Rheum 1996.
47. Skaggs DS and Tolo VT.
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
J Am Acad Ortho Surg 4(1):9-16, 1996.
48. Skaggs DL, Kaminsky CK, Eskander-Rickards E, Reynolds R, Tolo VT and Bassett GS.
Lengthening of the psoas tendon at the “over the brim” position: Anatomic investigation
and surgical technique.
Clin Orthop 339:174-179, 1997.
49. Chen DS, Zhu NL, Hung G, Skotzko MJ, Hinton DR, Tolo VT, Hall FL, et al.
Retroviral vector-mediated transfer of an antisense cyclin G1 construct inhibits
osteosarcoma tumor growth in nude mice.
Hum Gene Therapy 8:1667-1674, 1997.
50. Doute D, Sponseller PD, Tolo VT, Atkins E, Silberstein CE.
Soleus neuroectomy for dynamic ankle equinus in children with cerebral palsy.
Am J Orthop 26(9):613-616, 1997.
51. Tolo VT.
Tumor management.
J Pediatr Orthop 17(4):421-423, 1997.
52. Skaggs DL, Kaminsky CK, Tolo VT, Kay RM, Reynolds RA.
Reliability of the acetabular index in developmentally dysplastic hips.
J Pediatr Orthop 18(6):799-801, 1998.
53. Rethlefsen S, Kay RM, Dennis S, Forstein M, Tolo VT.
The effects of fixed and articulated ankle foot orthoses on the gait patterns in subjects
with cerebral palsy.
J Pediatr Orthop 19:470-474, 1999.
54. Rethlefsen S, Tolo VT, Reynolds RA, Kay RM.
The outcome of hamstring lengthening and distal rectus femoris transfer surgery.
J Pediatr Orthop B 8(2):75-79, 1999.
55. Skaggs DL, Leet AI, Money MD, Shaw B, Tolo VT.
Complications of external fixation in the treatment of femur fractures in children.
J Pediatr Orthop 19:587-591, 1999.
56. Skaggs DL, Kautz S, Kay RM, Tolo VT.Effect of delay of surgical treatment on rate of infection in open fractures in children.
J Pediatr Orthop 20(1):19-22, 2000.
57. Kay RM, Dennis S, Rethlefsen S, Reynolds RAK, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT.
The effect of preoperative gait analysis on orthopaedic decision-making.
Clin Orthop Rel Res 372:217-222, 2000.
58. Skaggs DL, Dubois G, Kay RM, Hale JM, Tolo VT.
A simplified valgus osteotomy of the proximal femur in children.
J Pediatr Orthop 9B:114-118, 2000.
59. Skaggs DL, Samuelson MA, Hale JM, Kay RM, Tolo VT.
Complications of posterior iliac crest bone grafting in spine surgery in children.
Spine 25(18):2400-2402, 2000.
60. Tolo VT.
Orthopaedic treatment of fractures of the long bones and pelvis in children with multiple
injuries.
Instructional Course Lectures 49:415-423, 2000.
61. Tolo VT.
Orthopaedic treatment of fractures of the long bones and pelvis in children who have
multiple injuries.
J Bone Joint Surg 82(A):272-280, 2000.
62. Skaggs DL, Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM, Denis SW, Reynolds RAK, Tolo VT.
Variability in gait analysis interpretation.
J Pediatr Orthop 20:759-764, 2000.
63. Skaggs DL, Hale J, Bassett J, Kaminsky C, Kay RM, Tolo V.
Operative treatment of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children: The
consequences of pin placement.
J Bone Joint Surg 83A(5):735-740, 2001.
64. Graham JM Jr, Krakow D, Tolo VT, Smith AK, Lachman RS.
Radiographic findings and Gs-alpha bioactivity studies and mutation screen in
acrodysostosis indicate a different etiology from pseudohypoparathyroidism.
Pediatr Radiol 31(1):2-9, 2001.
65. Skaggs DS, Loro ML, Pitukcheewanont P, Tolo VT, Gilsanz V.
Increased body weight and decreased radial cross-sectional dimensions in girls with
forearm fractures.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 16(7):1337-1342, 2001.
66. Early SD, Tolo VT.
Atlantoaxial instability and sports participation in children with Down syndrome.
Current Concepts 16:January/February, 2002.
67. Ghanem IB, Tolo VT, Reynolds RA.Rib fixation for humeral lengthening following interscapulothoracic resection for
malignant tumor.
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Part B 11(3):245-50, July 2002.
68. Tolo VT.
The Challenges of Change: Is Orthopaedics Ready?
J Bone Joint Surg Am 84:1707-1713, Sept 2002.
69. Huang EY, Acosta JM, Gardocki RJ, Danielson PD, Skaggs DL, Reynolds RA, Tolo VT.
Thoracoscopic anterior spinal release and fusion: Evolution of a faster, improved
approach.
Journal of Pediatric Surgery 37(12):1732-5, December 2002.
70. Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Hale JM, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT.
Comparison of proximal and distal rotational femoral osteotomy in children with cerebral
palsy.
J Pediatr Orthop 23(2):150-4, 2003.
71. Ghanem I, Tolo VT, D’Ambra P, Malogolowkin MH.
Langerhans cell histiocytosis of bone in children and adolescents.
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 23(1):124-30, Jan-Feb 2003.
72. Watkins RG IV, Reynolds RA, McComb JG, Tolo VT.
Lymphangiomatosis of the spine: two cases requiring surgical intervention.
Spine 28(3):E45-50, 2003.
73. Early SD, Kay RM, Tolo VT.
Childhood diskitis.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg 11:413-420, 2003.
74. Gupta N, Kay RM, Leitch K, Femino D, Tolo VT, and Skaggs DL.
Effect of surgical delay on perioprative complications and need for open reduction in
supracondylar humerus fractures in children.
J Pediatr Orthop 24(3):245-248, May-June 2004.
75. Green DW, Reynolds RAK, Khan SN, and Tolo V.
The delay in diagnosis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis: A review of 102 patients.
Hospital for Special Surgery Journal 1(1):103-106, September 2005.
76. Yuan N, Fraire JA, Margetis MM, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT, Keens TG.
The effect of scoliosis surgery on lung function in the immediate postoperative period.
Spine 30(19):2182-5, October 2005.
77. Leitch KK, Kay RM, Femino JD, Tolo VT, Storer SK and Skaggs DL.
Treatment of multidirectionally unstable supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A
modified Gartland Type-IV fracture.
J Bone Joint Surg 88(A):980-985, 2006.
78. Skaggs DL, Early SD, D’Ambra P, Tolo VT, Kay RM.Back pain and backpacks in school children.
J Pediatr Orthop 26(3): 358-363, 2006.
79. Weiss JM, Skaggs D, Tanner J, Tolo V.
Cell Saver: is it beneficial in scoliosis surgery?
J Child Orthop 1:221-227, 2007.
80. Albrekston J. Kay RM, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL.
Abduction pillow immobilization following hip surgery: a welcome alternative for
selected patients.
J Child Orthop 1:299-305, 2007.
81. Sankar WN, Albrekston J, Lerman L, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL.
Scoliosis in-brace curve correction and patient preference of CAD/CAM versus plaster
molded TLSOs.
J Child Orthop 1:345-349, 2007

Non-Peer Review Journals

1. Herndon JH, Tolo VT, Lanoue AM and Deffer PA.
Cast-brace treatment for fractured femurs in acutely injured lower extremity amputees. A
Technique for early amputation.
Proceedings of the 1st
International Congress on Prosthetics and Techniques and
Functional Rehabilitation, 213-219, 1973.
2. Bowerman JW, Tolo VT, Martire J and Michael R.
Radiology sports medicine.
Phys Sport Med 9:60-80, 1981.
3. Tolo VT.
Common orthopaedic problems in infants and children.
Consult 25:106-122, 1985.
4. Tolo VT.
Twisted spine.
Emerg Med 18:63-69, 1986.
5. Tolo VT, Atkinson JH and Sato JK.
Resection of sacral Ewing’s sarcoma and osteosarcoma in children. In complications of
limb salvage: Prevention, management and outcome.
Ed. Brown, K.L.B. ISOLS, Montreal, Canada, 365-370, 1991.
6. Tolo VT.
Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Seminars in Spine Surgery edited by Sam W. Weisel, Vol. 3, No. 4:220-229, 1991.
7. Tolo VT.
Postural kyphosis and Scheuermann’s disease.
Seminars in Spine Surgery edited by Sam W. Weisel, Vol. 4, No. 4:216-224, 1992.8. Tolo VT and Ortiz G.
Sacral sarcoma in a child.
Ortho Consult ed. Albert B. Ferguson, Jr., MD, Vol. 13, No. 2:6-12, 1992.

Chapters in Books

1. Tolo VT.
Halo ring traction and scoliosis traction.
Ortho Trac Manuals, eds Andrew F. Brooker, Jr., MD and Gerhard Schmeisser, Jr., MD
Williams and Wilkens, Baltimore, 23-27, 1980.
2. Tolo VT.
Skeletal muscles, joints and facial structures.
The Johns Hopkins Atlas of Functional Anatomy, 2nd
Edition, ed. George D. Zuidema,
MD, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 9-17, 1980.
3. Tolo VT.
Clinical techniques of limb lengthening.
Ext Ske Fix, ed. Dana C. Mears, MD, Williams and Wilkens, Baltimore 601-645, 1982.
4. Tolo VT.
Orthopaedic management of the acutely injured lower extremity in children.
Ped Plast Surg, eds. Donald Serofin, MD and Nicholas C. Georgiadi, MD, C.V. Mosby &
Co., St. Louis, 1211-1220, 1984.
5. Tolo VT.
Spinal deformity in short stature patients.
Ped Spine, eds, David S. Bradford, MD and Robert N. Hensigner, MD, Theime-Stratton,
Inc., New York, 338-349, 1985.
6. Tolo VT.
Complications of musculoskeletal injuries in the multiply injured child.
Trauma Children, ed. Randall E. Marcus, MD, Aspen Publishers, Rockville, Maryland,
199-225, 1986.
7. Tolo VT.
Pediatric orthopaedic injuries.
Ped Emerg Med, ed. J. Alex Haller, MD, Yearbook Medical Publishers, Chicago, 1986.
8. Tolo VT.
Congenital abnormalities.
Ortho Knowl Upd, Vol. II, pg. 8, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1986.
9. Tolo VT.
Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Instructional Course Lectures, Vol. XXXVIII, 143-156, American Academy of
Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1989.10. Sponsellar P and Tolo VT.
Bone, joint and muscle problems.
Prin Pract Ped, ed. Frank Oski, MD, JB Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
939-969, 1989.
11. Apel D and Tolo VT.
Infections of the spine in childhood and adolescence.
Spine: Sate of the Art Reviews, ed. John D. Hsu, MD, Hanley & Belfus, Inc., 85-99,
1989.
12. Tolo VT.
Spinal deformity in short stature syndromes.
Instructional Course Lectures, Vol. XXXIX, 399-405, American Academy of
Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1990.
13. Tolo VT.
External fixation in multiply-injured children.
The Orthopaedic Clinics of North America, Vol. 21, No. 2, 393-400, eds. Alvin H.
Crawford, MD and Kaye E. Wilkins, MD, W.B. Saunders Company, Baltimore,
Maryland, 1990.
14. Tolo VT.
Spinal deformity in short stature syndromes.
The Spine, ed. Richard A. Balderston, MD, W.B. Saunders Company, Baltimore, 1990.
15. Tolo VT.
Spinal disorders associated with skeletal dysplasia and metabolic disease.
The Spine, 3rd
Ed., 349-364 eds. R.H. Rothman and F.A. Simeone, W.B. Saunders
Company, Philadelphia, 1993.
16. Tolo VT.
Fractures and dislocations around the knee.
Skeletal Trauma in Children, Vol. 3, 369-395, eds. Neil Green, MD and Mara
Swiontkowski, MD, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1993.
17. Tolo VT.
Spinal deformity in skeletal dysplasia.
The Pediatric Spine: Principles & Practice, 369-393, ed. S. Weinstein, Raven Press, New
York, 1993.
18. Tolo VT.
The lower extremity.
Pediatric Orthopaedics, 4th
Edition, eds. R. Morissey and S.L. Weinstein, 1996.
19. Tolo VT.
Management of the multiply-injured child.
Fractures in Children, 4th
Edition, 83-95, eds C. Rockwood, K. Wilkins and J. Beaty,
Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, 1996.
20. Tolo VT.Care of the multiply-injured child.
Fractures in Children, 5th
Edition, eds. K. Wilkins, J. Beaty and J. Kasser, Lippincott-
Raven, Philadelphia, 2001.

Books

1. Pediatric Orthopaedics in Primary Care.
V.T. Tolo and B. Wood, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1993.

Journal Abstracts

1. Tolo VT and Gillespie R.
Characteristics of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis and results of its treatment.
Ortho Trans 1:131-132, 1977.
2. Tolo VT and McKusick VA.
The role of estrogen and progesterone treatment in the management of scoliosis in
Marfan’s syndrome.
Ortho Trans 3:54, 1979.
3. Tolo VT and McKusick VA.
The role of estrogen and progesterone treatment in the management of Marfan’s
syndrome.
Ortho Trans 3:86, 1979.
4. Tolo VT.
The office management of mild scoliosis.
Ortho Trans 4:45, 1980.
5. Tolo VT.
Fractures following Wagner leg lengthening procedures.
Ortho Trans 4:304, 1980.
6. Tolo VT.
The management of neck deformity in fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva.
Ortho Trans 5:128, 1981.
7. Tolo VT and Booker AF.
The treatment of complicated lower extremity fractures in children with the Hoffman
external fixation device.
Ortho Trans 6:355-356, 1982.
8. Tolo VT.
Progression in scoliosis: A 360-degree change in seventy-five years.
Ortho Trans 7:8, 1983.
9. Tolo VT and Kopits SE.
Spinal deformity in diastrophic dysplasia. Ortho Trans 7:31-32, 1983.
10. Tolo VT.
Role of orthopaedic surgery in CP infants.
J Dev Beh Ped, 1984.
11. Weiland AJ, Tolo VT and Moore JR.
Pseudoarthrosis of the tibia. A preliminary report.
Ortho Trans 8:450, 1984.
12. Tang IW, Brooker AF, Tolo VT, Mick CA.
Para-articular ectopic bone: Altered MTR response, a possible indicator for ectopic bone
formation and clinical significance.
Ortho Trans 8:228, 1984.
13. Weiland AJ, Tolo VT and Moore JR.
Vascularized fibular grafts in the treatment of congenital pseudoarthrosis: A preliminary
report.
Ortho Trans 9:476, 1985.
14. Mandelbaum B, Tolo VT, McAfee PC and Buresh P.
Nutritional deficiencies after staged anterior and posterior spinal reconstructive surgery.
Ortho Trans 10: 1986.
15. Tolo VT.
Surgical treatment of thoracolumbar kyphosis in achondroplasia.
Ortho Trans 12:254-255, 1988.
16. Tolo VT and Sponsellar P.
Soleus neurectomy: An effective, yet often forgotten, procedure in cerebral palsy
treatment.
Ortho Trans 12:187,1988.
17. Bassett GS and Tolo VT.
The incidence and natural history of scoliosis in Rett syndrome.
Ortho Trans 14:298 & 760, 1990.
18. Hall FL and Tolo VT.
A growth factor-sensitive protein kinase phosphorylatates—the
retinoblastoma/osteosarcoma tumor suppressor gene product.
Ortho Trans 15:454-455, 1991.
19. Bassett GS, Apel DM and Tolo VT.
Measurement of femoral head circulation by laser doppler flowometry in the mini-pig.
Ortho Trans 15(3):736, 1991.
20. Hall FL, Williams RT, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Bassett GS and Tolo VT.
Expression and dynamics of Proline-directed protein kinase in human osteosarcoma cells:
A novel marker of tumor cell proliferation.Ortho Trans 17(2):439, 1992.
21. Hall FL, Williams RT, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Bassett GS, Tolo VT.
Expression and dynamics of proline-directed protein kinase in human osteosarcoma cells:
A novel marker of tumor cell proliferation.
Orthopaedic Research Society, Washington DC, J Bone Joint Surg 16:519, 1992.
22. Williams RT, Wu L, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Tolo VT and Hall FL.
Identification of a novel G1 cyclin in human tumor cells.
American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) Meeting, Denver, CO, November 15-19,
1992.
Mol Bio Cell 3:31A, 1992.
23. Hall FL, Bassett GS, Williams R, Carbonaro-Hall DA and Tolo VT.
Induction of cyclin D is a command and necessary occurrence during bone cell
proliferation.
Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS) Meeting, San Francisco, CA, February 15-18,
1993.
Ortho Trans 1993.
24. Williams R, Wu L, Liu L, Carbonaro-Hall D, Tolo VT and Hall FL.
Characterization of REG-1, a rapamycin-sensitive early G1 block point in human
osteosarcoma cells: Identification of cyclin-dependent protein kinase complexes as
primary targets of rapamycin action.
Washington International Spring Symposium, George Washington University,
Washington, DC, May 10-14, 1993.
25. Wu L, Williams RT, Liu L, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Tolo VT and Hall FL.
Sequential and progressive cyclin expression in human osteosarcoma cells: Diagnostic
and therapeutic implications.
Washington International Spring Symposium, George Washington University,
Washington, DC, May 10-14, 1993.
26. Hall FL, Williams RT, Wu L, Carbonaro-Hall DA and Tolo VT.
REG-1 pharmacology in human osteosarcoma cells identifies cyclin-dependent kinase
complexes as primary targets of rapamycin action. Growth control: From the receptor to
the nucleus.
Tissue Culture Association Meeting, San Diego, CA, June 5-9, 1993.
27. Hall FL, Williams RT, Wu L, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Liu L and Tolo VT.
Differential sensitivity of bone tumor cells to the anti-proliferative agent rapamycin.
Ortho Res Soc, New Orleans, LA, February 21-24, 1994.
28. Hall FL, Bodey B, Bassett GS, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Horvath A, Luck J and Tolo VT.
Expression of cell cycle control enzymes during bone growth and remodeling.
Ortho Res Soc, New Orleans, LA, February 21-24, 1994.
29. Wu L, Liu L, Yee A, Venkatesan N, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Hall FL and Tolo VT.
Early G1 induction of P21/WAF1/CIIP1 in synchronized osteosarcoma cells is
independent of P53.
Ortho Res Soc, Orlando, FL, February 13-16, 1995.30. Hall FL, Wu L, Liu L, Gabriel S, Tolo VT, Tuan T-L, Cheung D, Nimni M.
Expression and renaturation of biologically active human TGF-Beta from escherich coli
inclusion bodies.
Ortho Res Soc, Orlando, FL, February 13-16, 1995.

Videotapes

Taking the mystery out of spinal deformities, 1990.

Letters to the Editor

Skaggs, DL, Kay RM, Tolo VT.
Fracture stability after pinning of displaced supracondylar distal humerus fractures in children.
[Letter; comment] Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 22(5):697; discussion 697-8, Sept-Oct 2002.

Jennifer Weiss, MD

Peer Review

Weiss JM, Noble PC, Conditt MA, Kohl HW, Roberts S, Cook KF, Gordon MJ,
Mathis KB, What functional activities are important to patients with knee
replacements?, Clin Orthop. Nov;(404):172-88, 2002.
Noble, PC, Gordon, MJ, Weiss, JM, Does total knee replacement restore normal
knee function? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2005 Feb;(431):157-65.
Ho, C, Weiss, JW, Skaggs, D, Tolo, V, Management of Infection Following
Instrumented Posterior Spine Fusion in Pediatric Scoliosis, Spine, Vol 32 Number
24, 2007.
Weiss, JW, Tolo, V, Femoral Nerve Palsy Following Iliacus Hematoma: a Case
Report and Review of the Literature, Orthopedics
Weiss, JW, Anderson, J, Kocher, M, Surgical Treatment for Unresolved Osgood-
Schlatter’s Disease: Ossicle Resection with Tibial Tubercleplasty: Journal of
Pediatric Orthopedics; November, 2007.
Weiss, JW, Tanner, J, Skaggs, D, Tolo, V, The Use of Cell Saver in Scoliosis
Surgery: When is it Necessary?, Journal of Children’s Orthopedics

Articles Submitted

Distal Humerus Osteotomy for Cubitus Varus: submitted to Orthopaedics

Articles in Preparation

Pediatric lateral condyle fractures: A new classification system based on
treatment recommendations
Femur Fractures and Obesity in Children
Upper Extremity Radiographic Findings in Children
Moonbouncers and Pediatric Fractures

Non-Peer Review

Weiss, JM, Skaggs, D, Lateral Pinning of Supracondylar Fractures, Operative
Techniques in Orthopedics, October 2005.
Hip and pelvic injuries in the pediatric athlete,
Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine, Spring, 2006.ABSTRACTS
A New Wiltse Type Supracondylar Humerus Osteotomy, Stewart, Weiss,
Kay, Skaggs, poster presented at POSNA 2005 annual meeting.
Weiss, JW, Anderson, J, Kocher, M, Surgical Treatment for Unresolved
Osgood-Schlatter’s Disease: Ossicle Resection with Tibial
Tubercleplasty: presentation at AAP, 2007
Femur Fractures: Complications after Titanium Elastic Nailing in
Obese Children, Weiss, Choi, Ghatan, Skaggs, Kay, poster presentation,
AAOS, 2007
Femur Fractures: Complications after Titanium Elastic Nailing in
Obese Children, Weiss, Choi, Ghatan, Skaggs, Kay presentation, AAP
2007.
Management of Infection Following Spine Surgery, Ho, Skaggs, Weiss,
Tolo, presentation at POSNA 2005 annual meeting.
Distal Humerus Osteotomy for Supracondylar Malunion: A Study of
Perioperative Complications, Weiss, Kay, Waters, Skaggs, presentation at
POSNA 2005 annual meeting.
Functional Capacity after Total Knee Replacement, poster presentation at
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) 70th
annual meeting,
February, 2003.
To What Extent Does Total Knee Replacement Restore the Normal
Function of the Knee? poster presentation at American Academy of
Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) 70th
annual meeting, February, 2003.
Physical Activity after Total Knee Replacement: What is Important to
the Patient? Poster presentation at American Association of Hip and Knee
Surgeons (AAHKS) annual meeting, November 3-5, 2000, Dallas, Texas.
Physical Activity after Total Knee Replacement, podium presentation at
AAHKS annual meeting, November 2001, Dallas, Texas.
Physical Activity after Total Knee Replacement, poster presentation at
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS)
th
annual meeting,
March 15-19, 2000, Miami, Florida. Deep Venous Thrombosis after Foot and Ankle Surgery, poster
presentation at American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS)
annual meeting, June 2002, Traverse City, Michigan.
Functional Capacity after Total Knee Replacement, poster presentation at
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) 70th
annual meeting,
February, 2003.
To What Extent Does Total Knee Replacement Restore the Normal
Function of the Knee? poster presentation at American Academy of
Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) 70th
annual meeting, February, 2003.
Physical Activity after Total Knee Replacement: What is Important to
the Patient? Poster presentation at American Association of Hip and Knee
Surgeons (AAHKS) annual meeting, November 3-5, 2000, Dallas, Texas.
Physical Activity after Total Knee Replacement, podium presentation at
AAHKS annual meeting, November 2001, Dallas, Texas.
Physical Activity after Total Knee Replacement, poster presentation at
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS)
th
annual meeting,
March 15-19, 2000, Miami, Florida.
Deep Venous Thrombosis after Foot and Ankle Surgery, poster
presentation at American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS)
annual meeting, June 2002, Traverse City, Michigan.

Letters to Editors

Skaggs D, Weiss JM, Storer S, Re: Kakushima M, Miyamoto K, Shimizu K. The
effect of leg length discrepancy on spinal motion during gait: three-dimensional
analysis in healthy volunteers. Spine. 2003;28:2472-2476.

Chapters

Clinical Sports Medicine Frontera, Herring, Micheli, Silver: Chapter 7: Special
Considerations in the Pediatric and Adolescent Athlete, Chang, Mandelbaum,
Weiss, currently in press
Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery: Pediatric Orthopaedics, Weiss,
JM, Kocher, M Growth Plate Sparing Combined Intra-articular and Extra-
articular Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Iliotibial Band in
Skeletally Immature Preadolescent Children. currently in press
Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery: Pediatric Orthopaedics, Weiss,
Discoid Meniscus Saucerization and Stabilization. currently in press